Turabian Style Guide

This guide has been created with the 6th edition of Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers, and updated with the 15th ed. of the Chicago Manual of Style. Please refer to these books for further information. Our guide is intended as a tip sheet for some of the common citations used in bibliographies, works cited or reference lists. For in text citations please see: http://library.concordia.ca/help/howto/turabian.pdf.

Your paper should be titled "Bibliography" and the works should be alphabetized.

Book: Single Author

Whitburn, Joel. The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. New York: Billboard Publications, 1985.

Corporate Author

American Library Association, Young Adult Services Division, Services Statement Development Committee. Directions for Library Service to Young Adults. Chicago: American Library Association, 1978.

Book With Editor, No Author

von Hallberg, Robert, ed. Canons. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Book: More Than One Author Or Editor

Quirk, Randolf, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartik. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London, England: Longman Group Limited, 1985.

Chapter Or Article by One Author From Book by Another Author or Editor

Tillich, Paul. "Being and Love." In Moral Principles of Action, ed. Ruth N. Anshen, 661-72. New York: Harper & Bros., 1952.

Authors' Work Translated or Edited by Another

Anouilh, Jean. The Lark. Translated by Christopher Fry. London: Methuen, 1955.

Article in a Journal

Watson, George J. "Cultural Imperialism: An Irish View." The Yale Review 75, no. 4 (Summer 1986): 503-16.

Article in a Magazine

Savalis, Telly. "Crime Story." Variety, 24 September 1986, 74.

Article in a Newspaper:
Turabian states that items from daily newspapers are rarely listed in a bibliography. A parenthetical reference in the text is sufficient if the article is cited once or twice (p. 204). If it must be cited, use the following format:

Rosenthal, Phil. "Last Spin for Michael J. Fox." Chicago Sun-Times, Late Sports Final Edition, 23 May 1999, Section 2 (Features), 31.

If the newspaper or several of its issues are used frequently, note only the newspaper name plus the dates.

The Chicago Manual of Style (15th ed.) recommends omitting page numbers in newspaper citations due to the fact that there can be several editions of a daily paper where articles may appear in different places. If the paper is online, simply add the URL at the end of the citation.

New York Times. 2, 3, 5, 16 August; 9,12, 13 September 1998.

Reference Works
Turabian states in section 11.42, p. 204, that well known reference books should not generally be listed in bibliographies. Chicago gives the following for not-so-well-known reference works:

Dictionario de historia de Venezuela. 3 vols. Caracas: Foundacion Polar, 1988.

Book Review

Rockland, James K. Review of The American Dream, by Jonathan Davies. History Journal 12, no. 1 (22 April 2000): 32-33.

ERIC Document

Robson, Barbara. The Cubans: Their History and Culture. Washington , D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics, Refugee Service Center, 1996. ERIC, ED 398322.

Published Proceedings

Winger, D. "Society in an Industrial Revolution." In Immigrants in Industrial America, 1850-1920: Proceedings of the National Immigration Society held in Philadelphia, PA 1-3 November 1973, edited by Richard L. Ehrlich, 22-34. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Thesis or Dissertation

Artioli, Gilberto. "Structural Studies of the Water Molecules and Hydrogen Bonding in Zeolites." Ph. D. diss., University of Chicago, 1985.

Government Publications
The following is cited from the University of Memphis's "Uncle Sam - Brief guide to Citing Government Publications" (http://exlibris.memphis.edu/resource/unclesam/citeweb.html). More examples and information can be found at that site. The general format for government publications is as follows:

Author (or agency). Title (edition, or statement - if any). Place of publication: Publisher, Date. (Series elements - if any). (Notes - if any).

Tennessee. State Data Center. Tennessee Selected Social Characteristics: 1990 (1990 Census of Population and Housing: Summary Tape File #A). Nashville, 1992.

Citing Electronic Works

The only electronic works covered by Turabian are electronic documents from ERIC (p. 210) and online technical reports (p.227-29). No examples are given of Internet sites or articles from full-text online databases. Therefore, the following citations are based on Chicago Manual 15th ed. Note: When citing electronic materials, Chicago Manual states that an access date need only be included "If the publisher or discipline requires it..." (p. 754).

CD-ROMs and DVD's

Mississippi Masala. DVD. Directed by Mira Nair. Culver City, CA: Columbia Tristar Home Entertainment, 2003.

"U.S.-German Relations and the Challenge of a New Europe." Dispatch 5, no. 37 (12 September 94): 597-99. U.S. Foreign Affairs on CD-ROM (January 1993-March 1998). Available from U.S. Dept. of State, Bureau of Public Affairs, Washington, D.C.

Full-Text Database (journal/magazine or newspaper article)

Rosenthal, Phil. "Last Spin for Michael J. Fox." Chicago Sun-Times, Late Sports Final Edition, 23 May 1999, Section 2 (Features), 31. http://infoweb.newsbank.com (accessed 29 June 2003).

Thomas, Trevor M. "Wales: Land of Mines and Quarries." Geographical Review 46, no. 1 (1956): 59-81. http://www.jstor.org/.

Web Page
Include as much of the following as can be determined: author of the content, title of the page, title or owner of the site, URL, and access date (see note above). Sometimes authors are not identified. The owner of the site may stand in for the author. For content from informal sites such as personal web pages where titles are lacking, descriptive phrases may be used:

The American Heart Association. "Warning Signs: Heart Attack, Stroke & Cardiac Arrest Warning Signs." http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3053 (accessed 12 November 2003).

Bill Autry's "Tim Allen Fan Page." Tim Allen Show photo gallery. http://www.bill&allen.com/photos.html.

Smith, Bob. "Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach." Evanston Public Library. http://www.epl.org.library/strategic-plan-00.html (accessed 3 October 2002).

Online Reference Works
If using a well known reference work, cite in text or the notes - there is no need to include it in the bibliography. If you do cite, use the following format:

"Norway." World Factbook 2003. Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs. <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html> (accessed October 3, 2003).

Electronic Journal (E-Journal)

Kawasaki, Jodee L., and Matt R. Raven. "Computer-Administered Surveys in Extension." Journal of Extension 33, no. 1 (June 1995): 1-25. http://www.joe.org/june33/95.html (accessed January 23, 2003).

Electronic Books
In general, electronic book citations follow the format given for print books with the addition of either a URL or description of the format. If the book is available in both print and electronic form, it may be helpful to point that out in your bibliography. If your instructor requires an access date, include this in parentheses at the end of the citation.

E-Books from Online Libraries or CDs

Hellman, Hal. Great Feuds in Science: Ten of the Liveliest Disputes Ever. New York: John Wiley, 1998. NetLibrary e-book.

E-Books on the Internet (chapter)

Sirosh, J., "Self-Organization of Orientation Maps, Lateral Connections, and Dynamic Respective Fields in the Primary Visual Cortex." In Lateral Interactions in the Cortex; Structure and Function, ed. J. Sirosh. Austin, TS: UTCS Neural Networks Research Group, 1996. http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/nn/web-pubs/htmlbooks96/ (accessed August 27, 2001).

Online Multimedia

Weed, A.E. At the Foot of the Flatiron. American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., 1903; 2 min., 19 sec.; 35 mm. From Library of Congress, The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906. MPEG, http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/papr/nychome.html (accessed 2 February 2002).

Turabian offers no guidance for citing e-mail. Chicago Manual states that "References to conversations (whether face-to-face or by telephone) or to letters, e-mail messages, and the like received by the author are usually run into the text or given in a note." (p. 706)

Disclaimer: USM Libraries offer this handout as a guide only. We cannot offer suggestions or interpretations about citations. Please refer to the actual Style Manual or your teacher for clarifications.

Last modified: August 2006