Table of Contents:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Access point A name, term, code, etc., under which a bibliographic record may be searched and identified.
Added entry An entry, additional to the main entry, by which an item is represented in a catalog; a secondary entry. See also Main entry.
Appendix Follows the text of a book and contains notes, charts, tables, lists, or other detailed information discussed in the text.
A major section of the bibliographic description, comprising data of a
particular category or set of categories. See also Element.
The description of a discrete item, such as a book, a videorecording,
or a serial. Machine-readable forms of bibliographic records are stored
in and retrieved from automated online catalogs, either locally or
nationally via the Internet, or magnetic tape provided by a vendor.
Lists sources used by the author in creating a work such as a book.
Also lists additional sources on important subjects covered in the text.
1. A list of library materials contained in a collection, a library, or
a group of libraries, arranged according to some definite plan. Access
to the list may be provided in a catalog book, a traditional card file,
on microform, or online, electronically. 2. In a wider sense, a list of
materials (prepared for a particular purpose (e.g., an exhibition
catalog, a sales catalog).
Chapters Separate parts of the text of a book.
Chief source of information
The source of bibliographic data to be given preference as the source
from which a bibliographic description (or portion thereof) is
prepared. Example of the chief source are the title page of a book, the
title screen of a video, or the title screen from a computer software
A title proper that is an inclusive title for an item containing
several individual works, such as essays or poems. “The collected
works...” is a good example of a collective title.
statement at the back or end of an item giving information about one or
more of the following: the title, author(s), publisher, printer, date
of publication or printing. It may include other information.
One who creates or produces a collection by selecting and putting
together matter from the works of various persons or bodies. 2. One who
selects and puts together in one publication matter from the works of
one person or body. See also Editor.
Content designator A code (such as a tag, indicator, or subfield) that identifies the nature of a particular data element in a record.
Control number A unique sequential number supplied by the system to each new bibliographic record when it is entered into the online catalog.
Usually appears on the verso of the title page of a book and states
that the book's contents are the property of the author or publisher.
An organization or group of persons that is identified by a particular
name and that acts, or may act, as an entity. Typical examples of
corporate bodies are associations, institutions, business firms,
nonprofit enterprises, governments, government agencies, religious
bodies, local churches, and conferences.
Cover title A title printed on the cover of an item as issued.
A special character used in conjunction with a subfield code to
introduce each subfield in a variable field where each element, or unit
of data, is not necessarily limited to a prescribed size, content, and
position in the record. Character may vary in design but typically is a
‡ or $.
Books, pamphlets, fascicles, single sheets, etc. All copies produced
from essentially the same type image (whether by direct contact or by
photographic or other methods) and issued by the same entity.
Intellectual content is unique and unchanged to the work. Significant
variation of the content requires a new edition statement.
who prepares for publication for an item not his or her own. The
editorial work may be limited to the preparation of the item for the
manufacturer, or it may include supervision of the manufacturing,
revision, (restitution), or elucidation of the content of the item, and
the addition of introduction, notes, and other critical matter. In some
cases, it may involve the technical direction of a staff or person
engaged in creation or compiling the content of the item. See also
Element A word,
phrase, or group of characters representing a distinct unit of
bibliographic information and forming part of an area of the
End-of-field marker The same thing as a field terminator ( ¶ ) which signals to the computer the information is complete for that field or “line.”
Entry A bibliographic record of an item in a catalog. See also Heading.
The word by which a bibliographic entry is arranged in the catalog,
usually the first word (other than an article) of the heading. See also
Extent of item
The first element of the physical description area. It gives the number
and the specific material designation of the units of the item being
described and, in some cases, other indications of the extent (e.g.,
A reproduction simulating the physical appearance of the original in
addition to reproducing its content exactly. See also Reprint.
Field One or
more data elements that form a logical unit. In a bibliographic record,
for example, one field contains publication data, another physical
description, etc. Typically, each field begins with a start of message
( ) and ends with a field terminator ( ¶ )
Field number The same thing as a Line number, typically 3 characters, beginning with 001 and ending 999.
Field terminator A special character that indicates the end of a field. On most screens, it appears as the symbol.
A marker, found in certain positions of fixed and variable fields, that
indicates where a valid character must be entered before the system
will accept that field. Fill characters appear on workforms. On most
screens, it appears as a symbol _ .
Fixed field A
field in a machine-readable record in which each element, or unit of
data, is limited to a prescribed size, content, and position in the
its widest sense, a particular physical presentation of an item. (E.g.
monograph, serial, videorecording, map, computer file, etc.)
Frontispiece An illustration preceding the title page of a book and usually on the verso of the half title page.
General material designation
A term indicating the broad class of material to which an item belongs
and indicated in field 245 subfield ‡h (e.g., microfilm, sound
recording, computer file). See AACR2r98 for authorized list of terms.
Half title A title of a publication appearing on a leaf preceding the title page.
Heading A name, word, or phrase placed at the head of a catalog entry to provide an access point. See also Access point.
Word-by-word or letter-by-letter lists, in alphabetical order,
important words, names, and places in the text of the book. Usually
includes see and see-also references.
one-digit code that provides information to the computer about a
variable field. The presence, meaning, and use of indicators will vary
from field to field. Depending on the tag number of the field, either a
numeric indicator value or a blank occupies each of the two reserved
indicator positions in each field which always follows the tag number
after one space.
document or set of documents in any physical form, published, issued,
or treated as an entity, and as such forming the basis for a single
A person who collaborates with one or more other persons to produce a
work in relation to which the collaborators perform the same function.
See also Shared responsibility.
One of the units into which the original sheet or half sheet of paper,
parchment, etc. is folded to form part of a book, pamphlet, journal,
etc.; each leaf consists of two pages, one on each side, either or both
may be blank.
The sequential numeric identification assigned by the system to each
variable field in a record, appearing directly to the left of the
field's tag. Also, the sequential numeric identification assigned to
each entry in the display of a multiple record search result.
MARC Bibliographic information which is arranged in a prescribed format
and on a medium, such as magnetic tape, that allows that information to
be read by electronic data processing equipment, such as computers.
The complete catalog record of an item, presented in the form by which
the entity is to be uniformly identified and cited. The main entry may
include the tracing(s). See also Added entry.
Main heading The first part of a heading that includes a subheading.
MARC An acronym for MAchine-Readable Cataloging.
MARC format A
format for communicating machine-readable cataloging records,
originally developed by the Library of Congress and used by many online
systems, such as OCLC.
statement of title, ownership, editors, etc., of a newspaper or
periodical. In the case of newspapers it is commonly found on the
editorial page or at the top of page one, and, in the case of
periodicals, on the contents page.
A work of mixed responsibility is one in which different persons or
bodies contribute to its intellectual or artistic content by performing
different kinds of activities (e.g., adapting or illustrating a work
written by another person). See also Joint author, Shared
nonserial item (i.e., an item either complete in one part or complete,
or intended to be completed, in a finite number of separate parts).
Multipart item A monograph complete, or intended to be completed, in a finite number of separate parts.
Name-title added entry An added entry consisting of the name of a person or corporate body and the title of an item. (Field 700 ‡ t )
Typically, articles at the beginning of a title, such as 'a,' 'an,' or
'the' including the space that follows, are counted as non-filing
characters. 'The' would count as 4 non-filing characters (i.e. 3
letters, t h e plus the space).
Other title information
A title borne by an item other than the title proper, or parallel or
series title(s); also any phrase appearing in conjunction with the
title proper, etc., indicative of the character, contents, etc., of the
item or the motives for, or occasion of, its production or publication.
The term includes subtitles, avant-titles, etc., but does not include
variations on the title proper (e.g., spine titles, sleeve titles).
1. One of the subordinate units into which an item has been divided by
the author, publisher, or manufacturer. In the case of printed
monographs, generally synonymous with volume; it is distinguished from
a fascicle by being a component unit rather than a temporary division
of a work. 2. As used in the physical description area, "part"
designates bibliographic units intended to be bound several to a volume.
Personal author The person chiefly responsible for the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work.
Plate A leaf
containing illustrative matter, with or without explanatory text, that
does not form part of either the preliminary or the main sequence of
pages or leaves.
Preface The author's discussion of the various aspects of the creation of the book. Follows the title page of the book.
Preliminaries The title page(s) of an item, the verso of the title page(s), any pages preceding the title page(s), and the cover.
Pseudonym A name assumed by an author to conceal or obscure his or her identity.
Publisher The company that issued the book.
1. The right-hand page of a book, usually bearing an odd page number.
2. The side of a printed sheet intended to be read first. Typically,
the title page or leaf is a recto page or leaf.
Reference source Any publication from which authoritative information may be obtained. Not limited to reference works.
Reprint 1. A
new printing of an item made from the original type image, commonly by
photographic methods. The reprint may reproduce the original exactly
(an impression or it may contain minor but well-defined variations (an
issue). 2. A new publication of an edition with substantially unchanged
Running title A title, or abbreviated title, that is repeated at the head or foot of each page or leaf.
A publication in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numeric
or chronological designations and intended to be continued
indefinitely. Serials include periodicals, newspapers; annuals
(reports, yearbooks, etc.); journals, memoirs, proceedings,
transactions, etc., of societies,; and numbered monographic series.
Series 1. A
group of separate items related to one another by the fact that each
item bears, in addition to its own title proper, a collective title
applying to the group as a whole. The individual items may or may not
be numbered. 2. Each of two or more volumes of essays, lectures,
articles, or other writings, similar in character and issued in
sequence (e.g., Lowell's Among my books, second series). 3. A
separately numbered sequence of volumes within a series or serial
(e.g., Notes and queries, 1st series, 2nd series, etc.).
Sine loco (s.l.) Without place (i.e., the name of the place of publication, distribution, etc., is unknown).
Sine nomine (s.n.) Without name (i.e., the name of the publisher, distributor, etc., is unknown).
Statement of responsibility
A statement, transcribed from the item being described, relating to
persons responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of the
item, to corporate bodies from which the content emanates, or to person
or corporate bodies responsible for the performance of the content of
subdivision of a variable field containing data logically identifiable
as a discrete unit of that field. A typical publication field, for
example, has three subfields: place, publisher, and date. Except for
subfield "a" at the beginning of a field, each subfield is proceeded by
a delimiter ( ‡ ) and a subfield code.
Subfield code A character, usually lowercase alphabetic or numeric, that identifies the data within a particular subfield.
Subheading Part of a corporate heading other than the main heading.
A title provided by the cataloger for an item that has no title proper
on the chief source of information or its substitute. It may be taken
from elsewhere in the item itself or from a reference source, or it may
be composed by the cataloger.
Table of contents
Usually comes at the end of the preliminary material in a book and
lists in order the book's main topics or the headings of the individual
units and their page numbers.
Tag A three-digit identifier, usually numeric, of a variable field, beginning with 001 and ending with 999.
Tag group A
collection of tags, beginning with the same first digit, that store
similar kinds of information and share a similar function within a
record. When referring to a tag group, the second and third digits are
generally replaced with XX. For example, all tags in the 6XX tag group
Text The main part of the book.
Title A word,
phrase, character, or group of characters, normally appearing in an
item, that names the item or the work contained in it.
Title page A
page at the beginning of an item bearing the title proper and usually,
though not necessarily, the statement of responsibility and the data
relating to publication. The leaf bearing the title page is commonly
called the "title page" although properly called the "title leaf." Use
t.p. to abbreviate the term.
Tracing 1. A
record of the headings under which an item is represented in the
catalog. 2. A record of the references that have been made to a name or
to the title of a item that is represented in the catalog. See also
A field in a machine-readable bibliographic record that is not limited
to a prescribed size, content or position within the record.
Verso 1. The
left-hand page of a book, usually bearing an even page number. 2. The
side of a printed sheet intended to be read second. The verso of the
title page shows the official date of publication and where the book
Volume 1. In
the bibliographic sense, a major division of a work, regardless of its
designation by the publisher, distinguished from other major divisions
of the same work by having its own inclusive title page, half title,
cover title, or portfolio title, and usually independent pagination,
foliation, or signatures. This major bibliographic unit may include
various title pages and/or pagination. 2. In the material sense, all
that is contained in one binding, portfolio, etc., whether as
originally issued or as bound after issue. The volume as a material
unit may not coincide with the volume as a bibliographic unit.