Letters purchased circa 1975 from unknown dealer. This collection represents only a minute part of the correspondence of the editors of St. Nicholas magazine. In 1914, 1915, and 1928, hundreds of letters from Scribner's and the Century Company's archives were auctioned off as collector's items. The majority of the existing St. Nicholas correspondence is now held at the New York Public Library. Columbia University and the Huntington Library hold sizable collections of the letters of Mary Mapes Dodge.
Non-circulating; available for research. Researchers should use the photocopies in Box 4 unless special permission is obtained from the curator.
This collection is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U. S. Code). Reproductions can be made only if they are to be used for "private study, scholarship, or research." It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and to obtain all necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials, other than that noted above.
Roswell Smith conceived of the idea for St. Nicholas in 1870 when he consulted the famous children's author Mary Mapes Dodge on her ideas about what a magazine for children should be. That same year Smith had co-founded Scribner's with Charles Scribner and Dr. Josiah Gilbert Holland as a rival publication to the popular adult periodicals Harper's Monthly and Atlantic Monthly and was already considering the publication of a magazine for younger readers. The success of Scribner's made it possible for Smith to offer the editorship of this new magazine to Dodge three years later, and the first issue of St. Nicholas appeared in November of 1873. Aiding Mrs. Dodge was Frank R. Stockton, an established Scribner's writer, as associate editor. In 1874 William Fayal Clarke joined the staff as assistant editor. Success followed rapidly in the early years of the magazine, enabling Roswell Smith to buy out four competitor publications in the first two years of St. Nicholas' existence. The magazine doubled in size from forty-eight to ninety-six pages per issue, and circulation rose quickly and stabilized at about seventy thousand.
The early popularity of St. Nicholas seems to be the result of two major advantages it had over its rivals. First and foremost, the expert hand of Mary Mapes Dodge controlled every facet of the magazine's production, and her literary reputation and wide social acquaintance attracted many of the top writers and illustrators of her day to the St. Nicholas fold. Secondly, the magazine was fortunate to have a prosperous parent company such as the house of Scribner. The superior printing and art reproduction facilities of the DeVinne Press, printers for Scribner's Monthly, were available to it, as well as the financial backing which enabled Dodge to pay her contributors what their talent was worth. She could also draw upon the stable of regular Scribner's authors and illustrators to provide material for her magazine.
In 1881 Scribner withdrew its share of ownership and the Century Company, with Roswell Smith as president, took over the publication of St. Nicholas and Scribner's Monthly (renamed The Century). Dodge continued as editor until her death in 1905, when she was succeeded by Clarke. Clarke maintained the high quality of St. Nicholas throughout his editorship, making few changes except those necessary to keep the magazine modern in focus and appearance. Nevertheless, in the twentieth century a slow but steady decline in circu- lation began. Clarke retired in 1928, and two years later the Century Company went out of business. The Century was suspended and St. Nicholas was sold to the American Education Press, which then transferred it to the Educational Publishing Corporation in 1935. A succession of editors, all of brief tenure, followed Clarke, but none could seem to pump life into the dying magazine. Despite changes in format and a switch to cheaper production materials, publication ceased in 1940. The proliferation of less expensive competitor magazines, as well as the replacement of reading as a favorite pastime by movies and radio, had spelled its end. St. Nicholas was briefly revived by Juliet Lit Sterne in 1943, but failed again within months.
St. Nicholas has an enduring reputation as the best children's magazine ever produced. Many of the greatest literary figures of its day contributed to it: Frances Hodgson Burnett, Kate Douglas Wiggin, Joel Chandler Harris, Mark Twain, John Greenleaf Whittier, Jack London, Louisa May Alcott, Rudyard Kipling, and a host of others. St. Nicholas could also boast of a pantheon of great illustrators who were represented in its pages, such as Arthur Rackham, Howard Pyle, Maxfield Parrish, Frederic Remington, Reginald Birch, and Oliver Herford. Burnett's Little Lord Fauntleroy and Twain's Tom Sawyer Abroad first appeared as serials in the magazine, and many of Kipling's Jungle Book tales and Just So Stories were originally written for St. Nicholas.
In addition to providing three generations of children with reading delight, St. Nicholas offered those same children an outlet for their creativity through the St. Nicholas League. Formed in 1899 by Mary Mapes Dodge and Albert Bigelow Paine, the League was a sort of club which invited readers to send in their own stories, poems, essays, photographs, pictures and puzzles for judging. The best contributors were awarded badges or cash prizes in addition to having their own winning contributions printed in the magazine. A number of children whose names would later be famous had their first publi-cations in the St. Nicholas League: F. Scott Fitzgerald, Edna St. Vincent Millay, William Faulkner, Ring Lardner, and Eudora Welty, to name but a few.
Biographical Sketches of Correspondents
ALDRICH, THOMAS BAILEY (1836-1907) American editor, poet and novelist. From 1865 to 1874 served as editor of Every Saturday, a Boston publication, and from 1881 to 1890 as editor of Atlantic Monthly. Though he wrote numerous novels and short stories, Aldrich is primarily remembered in the field of children's literature as the author of The Story of a Bad Boy (1870).
ANDERSON, EDWIN HATFIELD (1861-1947) Director of the New York Public Library from 1913 to 1934.
BACON, JOSEPHINE DASKAM (1876-1961) American writer. The collection holds an original manuscript of her elegaic poem for Mary Mapes Dodge, which was published in the October 1905 issue of St. Nicholas.
BANGS, JOHN KENDRICK (1862-1922) An American editor and humorist whose nonsense verse and funny poems were often featured in St. Nicholas. His books include A Houseboat on the Styx (1896) and The Idiot at Home (1900).
BARTHOLDI, FREDERIC AUGUSTE (1834-1904) French sculptor who designed the Statue of Liberty, which was presented to the United States by the people of France in 1885.
BEAUX, CECILIA (1855-1942) A native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Beaux was a painter especially known for her portraits of women and children. Her works are displayed in all of the major public art galleries in the United States. She was also a contributor to St. Nicholas.
BOOTH, MARY LOUISE (1831-1889) Editor of Harper's Bazaar from its founding in 1867 until her death. She contributed to many periodicals of her day and also wrote a history of New York City.
BRESHKOVSKY, CATHERINE (1844-1934) Nicknamed "Babushka" and known as the "Grandmother of the Russian Revolution." Born into a wealthy and noble family, Breshkovsky devoted her life to bettering conditions for the Russian peasants. She was imprisoned numerous times and exiled to Siberia twice. Forced to flee Russia when the Bolsheviks came to power, she eventually settled in Czechoslovakia. In 1919 she toured the United States as a lecturer.
BURNETT, FRANCES HODGSON (1849-1924) Novelist and children's author. Burnett was born in England but emigrated to the United States in 1865. She is best known as the author of Little Lord Fauntleroy, which first appeared as a serial in the November 1885 issue of St. Nicholas. Released as a novel the following year, Fauntleroy became a huge bestseller. Burnett contributed many other stories to St. Nicholas during her lifetime, among them "Sara Crewe" in the December 1887 issue.
CAREY, WILLIAM (?-?) A member of the St. Nicholas staff from its beginning in 1873. No other information is available.
CASTAIGNE, ANDRE (?-?) Little is known except that he illustrated for The Century in the 1890's. It is likely that he also contributed illus- trations to St. Nicholas, since both publications were owned at that time by the Century Company.
CHRISTIAN, FREDERICK W. (?-?) No information available.
CLARKE, WILLIAM FAYAL (1853-1937) Clarke joined the St. Nicholas staff in 1874, at the age of twenty. He was promoted to editor-in-chief upon the death of Mary Mapes Dodge in 1905. He retired in 1927, having devoted fifty-four years of his life to the magazine. He had a reputation as a kind, modest man and was obviously held in high regard by some St. Nicholas contributors. Many of the letters in the collection are addressed to Clarke.
COLLYER, ROBERT (1823-1912) Born in England, Collyer was a clergyman who emigrated to the United States in 1850. He moved to New York City in 1879, where he continued to preach. His writings include Nature and Life (1868) and The Life that Now Is (1871).
CONE, HELEN GRAY (1859-1934) American educator, poet, and contributor to St. Nicholas. She served as Professor of English at Hunter College from 1899 to 1926. Her books include Oberon and Puck and Verses Grave and Gay (1885).
COONEY, FANNY YOUNG CORY (1877-1972) Cartoonist and illustrator of children's books, better known by her professional name of Fanny Y. Cory. Cooney was a native of Montana who sold her first illustration to St. Nicholas in 1896 and contributed to the magazine for many years afterward. Though nearly forgotten now, she was very much in demand as an illustrator in the early twentieth century. In 1904 she married Fred Cooney and the couple raised three children on their ranch near Canyon Ferry, Montana. In one of her letters in the collection, Cooney amusingly assumes the persona of her infant daughter Sayre. From the 1920s to 1950s Cooney was a syndicated comic strip artist. She is remembered in the field of children's literature for illustrating The Fanny Cory Mother Goose (1913) and two of L. Frank Baum's books, The Enchanted Island of Yew and The Master Key (1913).
CORY, FANNY See COONEY, FANNY YOUNG CORY
CUSTER, ELIZABETH BACON (1843-1933) The wife of George Armstrong Custer, she was a close personal friend of MARY MAPES DODGE. Known as "Libbie" to her intimates, Custer was also a writer whose books included Boots and Saddle (1885) and The Boy General (1901).
DAVIS, REBECCA HARDING (1831-1910) A writer who contributed stories to St. Nicholas. One of these stories is "The Enchanted Prince," which appeared in the November 1873 inaugural issue. Her novels include Margaret Howth (1862) and Dr. Warrick's Daughters (1896).
DAVIS, RICHARD HARDING (1864-1916) A journalist and novelist, Davis worked for various newspapers in New York City and served as the managing editor of Harper's Weekly in 1890. He also wrote popular fiction, travel books and plays. One of his earliest publications was "Richard Carr's Baby," which appeared in the November 1886 issue of St. Nicholas. Son of REBECCA HARDING DAVIS.
DEPEW, CHAUNCEY MITCHELL (1834-1928) A prominent lawyer and politician. He was president of the New York Central Railroad from 1885 to 1899 and served as United States Senator from New York State from 1899 to 1911.
DeVINNE, THEODORE LOW (1828-1914) Founded the printing firm of DeVinne Press, which printed St. Nicholas from 1873 to 1914.
DODGE, MARY ABIGAIL (1833-1896) Editor of Our Young Folks, a juvenile periodical, from 1865 to 1867. She wrote several books and contributed to leading periodicals of her day, often using the pseudonym "Gail Hamilton." In 1874 Our Young Folks was absorbed by St. Nicholas.
DODGE, MARY ELIZABETH MAPES (1831-1905) Born in New York City on January 26, 1831 (1830, according to some sources). She was the daughter of James Jay Mapes, a scientist and scholar who had his daughters educated at home by himself, private tutors and governesses. At the age of sixteen Dodge served as contributing editor of a journal of experimental agri- culture, The Working Farmer, which was published by her father. Her father was acquainted with many of the leading writers and scientists in New York City, and as Dodge was growing up her house was frequently visited by such prominent people as Horace Greeley and William Cullen Bryant.
In 1851 Mary Elizabeth married William Dodge, a New York attorney. Widowed seven years later, she returned to her father's household and began writing to support her two young sons. Dodge contributed essays and stories to adult periodicals for several years and in 1864 her first book for young people, Irvington Stories, was published. Its success encouraged her to write another book for children, and the result was Hans Brinker, or the Silver Skates (1866), which became an international best-seller and gave its author a reputation as a children's writer of the first rank.
Dodge became an associate editor for Hearth and Home, a weekly periodical edited by Harriet Beecher Stowe, in 1868. She became the editor-in-chief of St. Nicholas in 1873, and from then until the end of her life her story and that of the magazine are intertwined. In 1881 Dodge's eldest son, Harry, died and in her grief she withdrew from active control of St. Nicholas, leaving much of the operation in the capable hands of her assistant editor, WILLIAM FAYAL CLARKE. In 1888 she purchased "Yarrow," a cottage in the Catskill Mountains near Onteora, New York. Onteora attracted leading writers of the day, such as Mark Twain and BRANDER MATTHEWS, as a summer retreat and Yarrow was frequented by famous authors and their families.
Mrs. Dodge herself contributed many stories and poems to St. Nicholas, both under her own name and that of a pseudonym, Joel S. Stacy. She also expressed editorial views in her "Jack-in-the-Pulpit" column, which ran from 1873 to 1896. Dodge disliked the stern moral tone and didactic nature of the other children's periodicals of her day and wanted her magazine to be both instructive and enjoyable.
Mary Mapes Dodge died in 1905. St. Nicholas continued for thirty-five more years before it, too, passed away.
DOUGLAS, MALCOLM (?-?) A frequent contributor of light verse to St. Nicholas in the early twentieth century, Douglas was the manager of the New Amsterdam Theatre in New York City. He was a close friend of Palmer Cox, whose famous Brownies were one of the best-known features of St. Nicholas. Douglas wrote the music for Palmer Cox's Brownies, a stage production which toured the United States and Canada from 1894 to 1899, and collaborated with Cox on The Brownies in Fairyland (1894), a cantata for schools and churches to perform. Douglas also wrote the article "Palmer Cox, the Brownie Man," which appeared in the October 1924 issue of St. Nicholas.
DRAKE, ALEXANDER WILSON (1843-1916) Served as art director of The Century and St. Nicholas from 1881 to 1913. He is regarded as a pioneer in the development of American magazine illustration.
DRAYTON, GRACE G. (?-?) No information available.
EGAN, MAURICE FRANCIS (1852-1924) English scholar, editor, and diplomat. Egan served as an English professor at both Notre Dame and the Catholic University of America. He was also the United States Minister to Denmark from 1907 to 1918, as well as the author of several books. He also wrote nonfiction articles for St. Nicholas.
FOOTE, MARY ANNA HALLOCK (1847-1938) American author, illustrator, and contributor to St. Nicholas. Her drawings also appeared in Harper's Weekly, Scribner's Monthly, and The Century. After her marriage in 1876 she lived in several places throughout the American West, and her subsequent art and writings reflected that locale. She wrote sixteen books about the West.
FREEMAN, MARY ELEANOR WILKINS (1852-1930) American writer known for her poems, novels, and short stories set in New England. She was also a St. Nicholas contributor.
FULLER, HENRY BLAKE (1857-1929) American novelist, born in Chicago; has been called "the father of American realism." His books include The Cliff Dwellers (1893) and Under the Skylights (1901).
FURNESS, HORACE HOWARD (1833-1912) Furness was a Philadelphia lawyer and Shakespearian scholar. With help from his son he edited the Variorum edition of Shakespeare's works.
GIFFORD, ROBERT SWAIN (1840-1905) A New England artist best known for his landscapes.
GRENFELL, WILFRED (?-?) A physician who contributed to St. Nicholas in the early 1900's. His reminiscence of a sled dog, "Brin," appeared in the December 1911 issue.
HALLOCK, MARY A. See FOOTE, MARY ANNA HALLOCK
HARLAND, ALAN (?-?) No information available.
HARPER, GEORGE McLEAN (1863-1947) Professor of literature and Romance languages at Princeton from 1884 to 1932. He authored several books, among them The Legend of the Holy Grail (1893).
HARRISON, CONSTANCE CARY (1843-1920) American writer from Virginia. She married Burton Nowell Harrison, former secretary to Jefferson Davis, in 1867. She contributed articles to Scribner's and The Century and also wrote several books, including Golden Rod and Bric-a-Brac Stories. Her contributions to St. Nicholas appear under the name of "Mrs. Burton Harrison."
HERFORD, OLIVER (1863-1935) Illustrator and humorist, born in England. His volumes of light verse include The Mythological Zoo (1914) and Jingle Jungles (1915). He is probably best remembered by St. Nicholas readers for his illustrations of Kipling's Just So Stories which appeared in the magazine, though many of his poems were also published there.
HOHENLOHE, FANNI (1898?-?) A princess of the ancient Hohenlohe family of Germany. Many members of the family held important military, political, and diplomatic posts in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. No specific information on Fanni Hohenlohe is available, but she was probably the daughter of Prince Konrad von Hohenlohe (1863-1918), who held several high political posts in Triest, Austria in the decades surrounding the turn of the century.
HOLLAND, JOSIAH GILBERT (1819-1881) A failed physician who eventually made a career as a writer and editor. He was one of the founders of Scribner's Monthly and served as its editor from 1870 until 1881. He contributed one article to St. Nicholas, a temperance lecture entitled "My Friend, Colonel Backus," which appeared in the March 1877 issue. He also contributed poetry to the magazine.
HUNT, HELEN See JACKSON, HELEN HUNT
HUTTON, LAURENCE (1843-1904) American essayist and drama critic. He served as literary editor of Harper's Magazine from 1886 to 1898, and co-edited several books as well. He was a personal friend of MARY MAPES DODGE.
IDDIUP, LEWIS (?-?) No information available.
JACKSON, HELEN HUNT (1830-1885) American writer of prose and poetry. By the early 1870s she was regarded as one of the foremost of America's women writers, and was one of Emerson's favorite poets. She became known in later years as a champion of rights for American Indians. Jackson frequently contributed to St. Nicholas and other magazines under the pseudonym of "Saxe Holm." Though her poetry is nearly forgotten, she is remembered for her novel Ramona (1884) and her expose of government mistreatment of Native Americans, A Century of Dishonor (1881).
KINGSLEY, CHARLES (1819-1875) English clergyman and writer. Though he wrote novels, poems, essays and articles for adults, Kingsley is best known as the author of a children's book, The Water Babies (1863). He wrote other books for children, mainly retellings of Greek myths, but none are so well remembered as the above-mentioned classic.
LANE, JOHN (1854-1925) English publisher who co-founded The Bodley Head Publishing Company in 1887.
LANIER, SIDNEY (1842-1881) American poet, novelist and critic; served as editor of The Boys' Library of Legend and Chivalry (1884). Lanier mainly contributed historical fiction to St. Nicholas. "King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table" appeared in the December 1880 issue.
LANSDOWNE, MARGARET ROSS (?-?) No information available.
LELAND, CHARLES GODFREY (1824-1903) Author and philologist who contributed to numerous periodicals. His books include English Gypsy Songs (1875) and The Algonquin Legends of New England (1884). The collection contains Leland's manuscript poem "The Flower Girl," which was published in the July 1884 issue of St. Nicholas. He also wrote nonfiction articles for the magazine.
LEWIS, ALFRED HENRY (1858-1914) American Lawyer, author and journalist. He is best known for his stories set in the fictitious town of Wolfville, Arizona. These stories were published in collections such as Wolfville Days (1902) and Wolfville Nights (1902).
MacCRACKEN, HENRY NOBLE (1880-?) President of Vassar College, 1915-1946. He wrote several English textbooks and also edited works of Chaucer and Shakespeare.
MacCRACKEN, MARJORIE D. (?-?) Wife of Henry Noble MacCracken. No other information available.
McFADDEN, PARMALEE (?-?) A St. Nicholas contributor in the early 1900's. She may have been on the St. Nicholas staff, since several letters in the collection are addressed to her. No other information available.
MASON, ALLEN (?-?) No information available.
MATTHEWS, BRANDER (1852-1929) American author and educator. Matthews graduated from Columbia University in 1871 and later served as a professor of English and dramatic literature there. He wrote several collections of essays and books on drama and dramatists. A founder of the American Copyright League, Authors Club and Players Club.
MILES, LOREN (?-?) No information available.
MILLER, JOAQUIN (1841-1913) Pseudonym of Cincinnatus Hine. Miller led a varied and colorful life. He moved from Indiana to Oregon with his parents in 1854, later became a gold miner in California, and established a pony express between Idaho and the Washington Territory in 1862. He practiced as a lawyer and judge in Oregon. Known as the "Poet of the Sierras," Miller was also a contributor to St. Nicholas. His volumes of poetry include Songs of the Sierras (1871) and Songs of the Sunlands (1873). In addition to his poetry, Miller also wrote novels and plays.
NEVIN, ETHELBERT WOODBRIDGE (1862-1901) American composer and pianist. Educated in Germany, he later taught music at Yale. He lived in New York City from 1897 to 1900.
PAGE, THOMAS NELSON (1853-1922) Served as U.S. Ambassador to Italy, 1913-1920. Page wrote short stories about the Civil War, published as the collection In Ole Virginia (1887), among other books. His most popular contribution to St. Nicholas was the story Two Little Confederates, which began serialization in the May 1888 issue.
PARRISH, MAXFIELD (1870-1966) Frederick Maxfield Parrish was one of the twentieth century's most famous illustrators. He illustrated books by such authors as L. Frank Baum and Kenneth Grahame, and contributed to St. Nicholas as well.
The collection consists of 154 items of correspondence related to St. Nicholas magazine. These items have been arranged into three series: outgoing correspondence, incoming correspondence, and unidentified correspondence. The outgoing correspondence consists of six letters from Mary Mapes Dodge in her capacity as editor-in-chief of St. Nicholas magazine. The letters to Parmalee McFadden (1903) generally discuss business matters, while the unaddressed letter (undated) seems to be more personal. These letters have been arranged chronologically. The incoming correspondence has been arranged alphabetically by the last name of the person who sent the letter, and chronologically therein.
The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence sent to the first two editors of St.Nicholas, Mary Mapes Dodge and William Fayal Clarke, from contributors to the magazine. A few letters are addressed to other people, notably Frank R. Stockton. Though some addressees are unidentified, it is likely that they too were part of the St. Nicholas staff. These letters cover a variety of topics and many of them are from famous individuals such as Theodore Roosevelt, Robert Edwin Peary, Frances Hodgson Burnett, Kate Douglas Wiggin, Maxfield Parrish, Charles Kingsley, and Laura E. Richards. Though many letters concern submissions to St. Nicholas and similar business matters, others are of a friendly, personal nature. There is quite a diversity of items: a friendly postcard from Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, designer of the Statue of Liberty; a letter of introduction from former president Theodore Roosevelt; an application to the St. Nicholas League from an Austrian princess; and a communication from the U.S. Consul to Denmark explaining how "the two young [Danish] princes read [St. Nicholas] with great avidity. . . ." Fanny Cory panders for illustration assignments in an amusing series of letters, and Beatrice Stevens' correspondence forms an epistolary epic of household and gardening misadventures.
Included with the correspondence are several manuscript submissions to St. Nicholas. These include a Howard Pyle fable, "The Over-Wise Mouse"; a Joaquin Miller story, "Lost on the Plains"; and an astronomy article by Richard A. Proctor entitled "The Morning and Evening Star." There are also original manuscripts of poems by Edmund Clarence Stedman, Josephine Daskam Bacon, Helen Hunt Jackson, and Horace E. Scudder.
Three items remain unidentified. These have no signatures and no addresses, and it is not known whether they originated in the St. Nicholas offices or were mailed to them. One of the items seems to be a page from a manuscript rough draft of an article. Another is a humorous sketch with a reference to William Fayal Clarke, and the third is a greeting card. None of the unidentified items are dated.
The de Grummond Collection holds a nearly complete set of bound volumes of St. Nicholas from 1873-1931 and scattered issues thereafter up to 1938. The Frances Hodgson Burnett Papers (DG0140) and Candace Thurber Wheeler Papers (DG1042) may also contain items of interest to the researcher.
A. Outgoing Correspondence (1903, undated)
B. Incoming Correspondence (1870-1925)
C. Unidentified Correspondence (undated)
A. Outgoing Correspondence1/1 McFadden, Parmalee 25 July 1903 ALS, 1 p. 1/2 McFadden, Parmalee 5 August 1903 ALS, 1 p. 1/3 McFadden, Parmalee December 1903 ALS, 1 p. 1/4 McFadden, Parmalee 1 August [ca. 1903] ALS, 1 p. 1/5 McFadden, Parmalee [ca. 1903] ALS, 1 p. 1/6 Unaddressed n.d. ALS, 1 p.
B. Incoming Correspondence1/7 Aldrich, T[homas] B[ailey] 26 May 1873 ALS, 1 p. 1/8 Aldrich, T[homas] B[ailey] 5 February 1874 ALS, 1 p. 1/9 Aldrich, T[homas] B[ailey] 9 April 1874 ALS, 1 p. 1/10 Aldrich, T[homas] B[ailey] 19 March 1875 ALS, 1 p. 1/11 Anderson, E[dwin] H[atfield] 20 December 1920 TLS, 1 p. 1/12 B[acon], J[osephine] D[askam] 25 August 1905 Holograph poem, "M. M. D.," 1 p. 1/13 Bangs, John Kendrick 14 February 1916 ALS, 1 p. 1/14 Bangs, John Kendrick 10 April 1920 TLS, 1 p. 1/15 Bartholdi, [Frederic] A[uguste] [ca. 1885] Postcard, signed. 1/16 Beaux, Cecilia 8 March 1883 ALS, 1 p. 1/17 Beaux, Cecilia 10 April [1883?] ALS, 1 p. 1/18 Booth, Mary L[ouise] 26 October 1883 ALS, 1 p. 1/19 Booth, Mary L[ouise] 1 October 1887 ALS, 1 p. 1/20 Breshkovsky, Catherine 14 March 1921 ALS, 1 p. 1/21 Burnett, Frances Hodgson 8 July 1906 ALS, 1 p., and signed fragment of letter. 1/22 Burnett, Frances Hodgson n.d. ALS, 1 p. 1/23 Carey, William 1890 ALS, 1 p. 1/24 Castaigne, A[ndre] 12 July 1906 Postcard, signed. 1/25 Christian, Frederick W. 24 June 1912 ALS, 1 p. 1/26 Collyer, Robert 6 January 91 ALS, 1 p. 1/27 Cone, Helen Gray 6 February 93 ALS, 1 p. 1/28 [Cooney], Fanny Cory 26 May 1901 ALS, 1 p. 1/29 [Cooney], Fanny Cory 8 December 1901 ALS, 1 p. 1/30 [Cooney], Fanny Cory [ca. 1901] ALS, illustrated, 1 p. 1/31 [Cooney], Fanny Cory 14 July 1903 ALS, 1 p. 1/32 [Cooney], Fanny Cory 6 April 1904 ALS, 1 p. 1/33 [Cooney], Fanny Cory n.d. AL, illustrated, 1 p. 1/34 Cooney, Agnes Sayre [i.e., Fanny Cory] [ca. 1908] AL, illustrated, 1 p. 1/35 Cooney, Fanny Cory 19 January 1915 ALS, 1 p. 1/36 Cooney, Fanny Cory 1 March 1915 ALS, 1 p. 1/37 Cooney, Fanny Cory 1 June 1916 ALS, 1 p. 1/38 Cooney, Fanny Cory [ca. 1916] ALS, illustrated, 1 p. 1/39 Cooney, Fanny Cory 20 May 1922 ALS, illustrated, 1 p. 1/40 Custer, Elizabeth B[acon] 11 January 91 ALS, 1 p. 1/41 [Custer, Elizabeth Bacon] "Libbie" n.d. ALS, 1 p. 1/42 Custer, [Elizabeth Bacon] "Libbie" n.d. ALS, 1 p. 1/43 Davis, R[ebecca] H[arding] 11 June 1873 ALS, 1 p. 1/44 Davis, Richard Harding n.d. ALS, 1 p. 1/45 Depew, Chauncey M[itchell] 23 November 1892 ALS, 1 p. 1/46 DeVinne, Theo[dore] L[ow] 11 December 1877 ALS, 1 p. 1/47 DeVinne, Theo[dore] L[ow] 29 May 1903 ALS, 1 p. 1/48 Dodge, Mary A[bigail] 6 November 1874 ALS, 1 p. 1/49 Douglas, Malcolm 7 August 1925 TLS, 1 p. 2/1 Drake, A[lexander] W[ilson] 3 July 1900 ALS, illustrated, 2 pp. 2/2 Drayton, Grace G. 8 November 1913 ALS, 1 p. 2/3 Egan, Maurice Francis 20 January 1914 TLS, 1 p. with envelope. 2/4 [Foote], Mary A[nna] Hallock n.d. ALS, 1 p. 2/5 [Foote], Mary A[nna] Hallock n.d. ALS, 1 p. 2/6 Freeman, Mary E[leanor] Wilkins 22 April 1922 TLS, 1 p. 2/7 Fuller, H[enry] B[lake] 25 March 1898 ALS, 1 p. 2/8 Furness, Horace H[oward] 12 March 09 ALS, 1 p. 2/9 Gifford, R[obert] Swain 9 October 1881 ALS, 1 p. 2/10 Gifford, R[obert] Swain 18 February 1893 ALS, 1 p. 2/11 Grenfell, Wilfred 22 March 18 ALS, 1 p. 2/12 Harland, Alan 13 June 1908 ALS, 1 p. 2/13 Harper, George McLean 29 March 1911 ALS, 1 p. 2/14 Harrison, [Constance Cary] 17 February 1911 AL, 1 p. 2/15 Harrison, Constance Cary 22 March  ALS, 1 p. 2/16 Herford, Oliver 1918 ALS, 1 p. 2/17 Herford, Oliver n.d. ALS, 1 p. 2/18 Hohenlohe, Fanni 14 January 1911 ALS, 1 p. 2/19 Holland, J[osiah] G[ilbert] 19 December 1879 ALS, 1 p. 2/20 Holland, J[osiah] G[ilbert] 30 July 1880 ALS, 1 p. 2/21 Hutton, Laurence 13 January 1898 ALS, 1 p. 2/22 Hutton, Laurence 7 May 1901 ALS, 1 p. 2/23 H[utton], L[aurence] n.d. ALS, 1 p. 2/24 Iddiup, Lewis 18 January 1903 ALS, 1 p. 2/25 [Jackson], Helen Hunt 1884 Holograph poem, untitled, 1 p. 2/26 Kingsley, Charles 11 August 74 ALS, 1 p. 2/27 Lane, John 17 May 1900 ALS, 1 p. 2/28 Lanier, Sidney 21 March 1880 ALS, 1 p. 2/29 Lansdowne, Margaret Ross [September 1925] ALS, 1 p. with envelope. 2/30 Lansdowne, Margaret Ross n.d. ALS, 1 p. 2/31 Leland, Charles G[odfrey] 21 January 1884 ALS, 1 p. 2/32 Leland, Charles G[odfrey] [ca. 1884] Holograph poem, "The Flower Girl," 2 p. 2/33 Lewis, Alfred Henry n.d. ALS, 1 p. 2/34 MacCracken, H[enry] N[oble] 9 April 1918 TLS, 1 p. 2/35 MacCracken, Marjorie D. 15 March 20 ALS, 1 p. 2/36 Mason, Allen 7 November 89 ALS, 1 p., and annotated photograph. 2/37 Matthews, Brander 27 May 1904 ALS, 1 p. 2/38 Miles, Loren 9 November 82 ALS, 1 p. 2/39 Miller, Joaquin 28 September 82 ALS, 1 p. 2/40 Miller, Joaquin n.d. Holograph short story, "Lost on the Plains," 11 pp. with one page of editorial notes. 2/41 Nevin, Ethelbert [Woodbridge] 18 January 1895 ALS, 1 p. 2/42 Nevin, Ethelbert [Woodbridge] 2 September 1896 ALS, 1 p. 2/43 Page, Tho[mas] Nelson 11 June 1908 ALS, 1 p. 2/44 Parrish, Maxfield 31 August 1902 ALS, 1 p. 2/45 Peary, R[obert] E[dwin] 30 November 1909 TLS, 1 p. 2/46 P[rice], E[dith] B[allinger] 11 November [ca. 1920] ALS, illustrated, 1 p. 2/47 P[rice], E[dith] B[allinger] 17 November [ca. 1920] ALS, 1 p. 2/48 Proctor, Richard A[nthony] [ca. 1876] Holograph article, "The Morning and Evening Star," 8 pp. 2/49 Pyle, Howard [ca. 1885] Holograph short story, "The Over-Wise Mouse," 1 p. 2/50 Pyle, Howard 16 May 1894 TLS, 1 p. 2/51 Pyle, Howard 23 September 1901 TL, 1 p. 2/52 Rackham, Arthur 19 February 13 ALS, 2 pp. 2/53 Reid, Whitelaw 25 May 1870 ALS, 1 p. 2/54 Reid, Whitelaw 22 January 1873 ALS, 1 p. 2/55 Reid, Whitelaw 21 June 1876 ALS, 1 p. 2/56 Reid, Whitelaw 15 November 1876 ALS, 1 p. 3/1 [Rice], Alice Caldwell Hegan 19 November 1902 ALS, 1 p. 3/2 Rice, Alice [Caldwell] Hegan 7 December 1914 ALS, 1 p. 3/3 Rice, Alice [Caldwell] Hegan n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/4 Rice, Alice [Caldwell] Hegan n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/5 Rice, Alice [Caldwell] Hegan n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/6 Richards, Laura E[lizabeth Howe] 14 June 1905 ALS, 1 p. 3/7 Richards, Laura E[lizabeth Howe] 26 April 1920 ALS, 2 pp. with envelope. 3/8 Riggs, Kate Douglas n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/9 Riggs, Kate D[ouglas] n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/10 Roberts, Charles G[eorge] D[ouglas] 15 January 1894 ALS, 1 p. 3/11 Roe, E[dward] P[ayson] 5 November 1884 ALS, 1 p. 3/12 Roosevelt, Theodore 18 August 1911 TLS, 1 p. 3/13 Scudder, Horace E[lisha] n.d. Holograph poem, "To Sylvia and Ethel," with holograph poem by Frank R. Stockton on verso, "To My Little Boy," 1 item. 3/14 Sinclair, May 24 May 1903 ALS, 1 p. 3/15 S[mith], F[rancis] H[opkinson] n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/16 S[mith], F[rancis] H[opkinson] n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/17 Smith, Roswell 15 December 82 ALS, 1 p. 3/18 Stedman, Edmund C[larence] 23 January 1886 ALS, 1 p. 3/19 Stedman, Edmund C[larence] [30 May] 1897 ALS, 2 pp. 3/20 Stedman, Edmund C[larence] 9 December 1903 ALS, 1 p. 3/21 Stedman, Edmund C[larence] 11 May 1905 ALS, 1 p. 3/22 Stedman, Edmund C[larence] 21 August 1905 ALS, 1 p. 3/23 Stedman, Edmund Clarence n.d. Holograph poem, untitled, 1 p. 3/24 Stevens, Beatrice 18 June 1914 ALS, 2 pp. 3/25 Stevens, Beatrice 16 February 1915 ALS, 2 pp. 3/26 Stevens, Beatrice n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/27 Stevens, Beatrice n.d. ALS, 3 pp. 3/28 Stevens, Beatrice n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/29 Stevens, Beatrice n.d. ALS, 2 pp. 3/30 Stevens, Beatrice n.d. ALS, 3 pp. 3/31 Stevens, Beatrice n.d. ALS, 2 pp. 3/32 Stowkowski, Olga [Samaroff] n.d. TLS, 1 p. 3/33 [Tennyson, Hallam] 7 January 80 AL, signature clipped, 1 p. 3/34 Tennyson, [Hallam] n.d. Printed document, signed, 3 pp. with annotated envelope. 3/35 Wanderlip, F. A. 11 July 1918 TLS, 1 p. 3/36 [Ward], E[lizabeth] S[tuart] Phelps 20 May 1873 ALS, 1 p. 3/37 Warner, Cha[rle]s D[udley] 2 February 1874 ALS, 1 p. 3/38 Warner, Cha[rle]s D[udley] 24 December 1897 ALS, 1 p. 3/39 Wells, A[mos] R[ussell] 20 February 1882 ALS, 1 p., illustrated. 3/40 Weyman, Stanley 19 July 99 ALS, 1 p. 3/41 Wheeler, C[andace Thurber] n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/42 Whitney, Adeline D[utton] T[rain] n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/43 Wiggin, Kate D[ouglas] 5 October [ca. 1891] ALS, 1 p. 3/44 Wiggin, Kate Douglas [1892?] ALS, 1 p. 3/45 Wilson, Francis n.d. ALS, 1 p. 3/46 Wilson, Thomas 15 June 1899 TLS, 1 p. 3/47 Unidentified n.d. Ms. fragment, 1 p. in three pieces. 3/48 Unidentified n.d. Illustration, annotated, 1 item. 3/49 Unidentified n.d. Notecard 4/1 Photocopies of correspondence, 154 items.
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