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Collection Title: Randall (Herbert) Freedom Summer Photographs

Collection Number: M351

Dates: 1964 - 2001

Volume: 3.85 Cubic Feet

Provenance: Mr. Herbert E. Randall, Jr. donated the bulk of this collection in 1998. Additional material was donated between the dates of June 5, 1999 and January 3, 2002 by: Mrs. Sandra K. Preuett, WDAM-TV, USM Photo Services Department, USM Oral History Department, WHLT-TV, Mrs. Iris Schmeisser, Ms. Amy Jo Formby, Ms. Sheila Michaels, Mr. Roger Duvall, Helen Kress of Heldref Publications, and Dr. Barbara H.R. Joseph.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

In the spring of 1964, Herbert Eugene Randall, Jr., a talented young African and Native American photographer, had been awarded the John Hay Whitney Fellowship for Creative Photography. Using this fellowship, Randall was to spend a year photographically documenting contemporary Negro life. Shortly after receiving the fellowship, he met Sanford Rose "Sandy" Leigh, a Field Secretary for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and director of the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project in Hattiesburg. Upon their meeting, Leigh suggested that Randall use his fellowship to photograph Freedom Summer activities in Hattiesburg.

Herbert Randall did just that. During the summer of 1964, Randall not only documented the social and political efforts of the Hattiesburg Project, but also vividly depicted the hardships of Negro life in a racially discriminating Mississippi.
Herbert Randall, born in 1936 on Long Island New York, studied photography under Harold Feinstein in 1957, and, from 1958 to 1966, worked as a freelance photographer for various media organizations. His photographs were used by the Associated Press, United Press International, Black Star, various television stations, and other American and foreign publications. Mr. Randall was also a founding member of the Kamoinge Workshop, a forum for African American photographers, in New York City in 1963.

Following Freedom Summer, Randall returned to New York to continue his career in photography, serving in several photographic positions with youth organizations; as Coordinator of Photography for the New York City Board of Education; and Photographic Consultant to the National Media Center Foundation.

Mr. Randall was awarded the Creative Artist's Public Service Grant for Photography for 1971-72, and his photographs have appeared in exhibitions at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, The Brooklyn Museum, The Art Institute of Pittsburgh, and other notable museums. His photographs are permanently represented in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the New York Public Library, the Library of Congress, and various other repositories.

In June of 1999, Herbert Randall returned to Hattiesburg, Mississippi to attend "Faces of Freedom Summer: The Photographs of Herbert Randall," an exhibit of selected images from Randall's Freedom Summer photographs. In 2001, The University of Alabama Press published a book entitled Faces of Freedom Summer, which features the photographs included in the exhibit.

At the time of this writing Herbert Randall is retired and resides on the Shinnecock Indian Reservation on Long Island, New York.


Contents of the Collection.
General notes from the collection case file.
Randall, Herbert and Dr. Bobs M. Tusa. Faces of Freedom Summer. With a forward by Victoria Jackson Gray Adams and Cecil Gray. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: The University Alabama Press, 2001.

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of three series of materials. The first and most prominent series contains 831 photographs developed from 1,759 photograph negatives that Herbert Randall produced during Freedom Summer (1964) in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. (The first ninety-one photographs were taken in Ohio at a Freedom Summer orientation session.) The photographs include images of violence against volunteers, voter registration canvassing, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Freedom Schools, the Free Southern Theatre, and a Picnic at the home of Vernon Dahmer, which was the official beginning of the Hattiesburg Project. Collectively, these photographs are invaluable assets to Freedom Summer history because they intimately and accurately reveal the people and events that made the movement all that it was.

The second series of materials includes information in such forms as videocassettes, audiocassettes, and brochures concerning the "Faces of Freedom Summer" photographic exhibit. The exhibit, which showcases Herbert Randall's Freedom Summer Photographs, has traveled to several locations since its debut in 1999.

The final series consists of publications such as museum catalogs, photographic journals, and scholarly publications about either Herbert Randall's role in Freedom Summer or his successful career as a photographer.

Related Collections:

The subjects of Herbert Randall's photographs may be present in many collections held at the University of Southern Mississippi. Among them are:

M 345 Adams (Victoria Gray) Papers, 1938-2000
M 322 Adickes (Sandra E.) Papers, 1964-1994
M 323 Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection, 1964-1965
AM98-42 Lelyveld (Rabbi Arthur J.) Collection, 1964
M350 Owen (David) Freedom Summer Collection
AM 99-74 Spears (Lawrence D.) Civil Rights Collection, 1964-1999

Box and Folder List: Click here.

Photograph Log:

Series I (Photographs by Herbert Randall, 1964)

Series II ("Faces of Freedom Summer" Exhibit activities, 1999 & 2001)

Accession Number: AM04-1

Dates: 2003

Volume: 1 item

Provenance: Peggy Price

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Form of Material:

One 18" x 27" black and white poster featuring a collage of images from the Herbert Randall Freedom Summer Photographs, as well as one image from the Zoya Zeman Freedom Summer Collection (demonstrators on steps of Forrest County Courthouse). The poster, titled "Courage to Act: Freedom Summer in Mississippi ", is an advertisement for the Fairchild Lecture series (Jan. 21 & June 24, 2004 ).


Created by: Bobs M. Tusa, Yvonne Arnold, and Brandon Tucker
Prepared and maintained by
The University of Southern Mississippi Libraries Special Collections
118 College Drive #5148   Hattiesburg, MS 39406-5148

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Revised: September 10, 2004