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Collection Title: Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection


Collection Number:
M323

Dates:
1963 - 1988

Volume:
1.7 cu.ft.

Provenance:
Materials in this collection were donated by Joseph and Nancy Ellin in 1999, 2000, and 2001.

Copyright:
This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:
Dr. Joseph Ellin was born in October 1936, in Brooklyn, New York, the only child of Dr. Martin, D.D.S., and Lillian Ellin. He earned a Bachelor of Arts from Columbia University in 1957

July 4, 1964.  Vernon Dahmer's picnic on his property at the Kelly Settlement located about 5 miles north of downtown Hattiesburg, Mississippi.  (Joe Ellin is seated in the center of the picture; Nancy Ellin is standing beside him.  Photo copyright:  Herbert Randall.)

and a Doctorate from Yale University in 1962. He is a professor of philosophy at Western Michigan University. Nancy B. Ellin was born in Bronxville, New York, in May 1936, the eldest of two daughters born to Drs. Arthur and Norma Bowles. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Swarthmore College in 1958. Joseph and Nancy Ellin met at Yale University, and were later married. They have a son, David, and a daughter, Jane. They currently live in Kalamazoo, Michigan.

During the summer of 1964, Joseph and Nancy Ellin served as Freedom School teachers in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. Joseph worked at Priest Creek Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. Nancy worked at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, and spent much of the summer setting up the Freedom Library on Mobile Street. The Ellins first attended the SNCC orientation session held June 21 - 27 at Western College for Women in Oxford, Ohio, where they learned of the disappearance of Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman. After orientation they drove with another volunteer in their car to Hattiesburg, arriving on June 29 and returning to Kalamazoo the end of August. While the Ellins were in Hattiesburg, two WMU students Susan Pfeiffer and Diane Woods stayed in their Kalamazoo home and cared for their cats.

The Ellins' host and hostess in Hattiesburg were Mr. and Mrs. King David Patton, who lived at 1022 Dewey Street, across from True Light Baptist Church, where Nancy taught in the Freedom School. Mr. Patton owned a barbershop nearby at 403 Mobile Street, the main street of the black community. Mrs. Vassie Patton was the midwife of both black and white Hattiesburg. Both were Civil Rights activists. Mrs. Patton had successfully registered to vote after many attempts, but Mr. Patton had not yet succeeded.

While in Hattiesburg, Joe and Nancy wrote letters containting their observations and concerns to Susan and Diane in Kalamazoo for transmittal to a wider Michigan audience, to Joe's parents in Brooklyn, and to the Editor of the Kalamazoo Gazette.

Sources:
Contents of the Collection
Dr. Joseph Ellin

Scope and Content:
The bulk of this collection consists of materials that document the Civil Rights Movement and Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. When folder titles were assigned, efforts were made to retain the donors' notations.

Box One consists of personal correspondence; official correspondence from organizations; and materials from the Freedom Summer training session held at Western College for Women in Oxford, Ohio.

Box Two is comprised of items that document Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg, including personal notes and examples of the work of Freedom School students; post-Freedom Summer items; materials from different organizations and institutions, such as The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, the Highlander Center, the National Sharecroppers Fund, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, the Council of Federated Organizations, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; and assorted news clippings and magazine articles related to the Civil Rights Movement.

Box Three contains magazines and pamphlets pertaining to the Civil Rights Movement; and various miscellaneous items, including a data profile of Mississippi, a 1964 Mississippi license plate, a list of historically black colleges, and materials regarding former Mississippi Governor J. P. Coleman.

Box Four holds magazine articles, newspapers, newsletters, and scrapbooks compiled by the Ellins in 1963 and 1964.

Box Five contains scrapbooks compiled by the Ellins in 1964 and 1965.

The collection also contains the following oversized items: three posters produced by the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee; two copies of a newspaper titled The Afro American; and a 1964 road map of Arkansas and Mississippi.

Box and Folder List:
Box 1  
Folder 1

Correspondence: Letters From Joseph and Nancy Ellin (June - September 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter to Susan and Diane, June 12, 1964
Letter to Diane and Susan, June 21, 1964
Letter to Diane and Susan, June 26, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, June 28, 1964
Letter to Dr. and Mrs. Ellin, June 30, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, July 3, 1964
Letter to S and D, July 8, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, July 9, 1964
Letter to the Editor of the Gazette, July 10, 1964
Letter to "Kids," July 11, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, July 18, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, July 29, 1964
Letter to the Editor of the Gazette, August 1, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, August 7, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, August 7, 1964
Letter to Anonymous Persons [nd]
Letter to Friends, Family, and What Not; Letter to Susan, August 7, 1964
Letter to Anonymous Person, August 11-12, 1964
Letter to Susan, August 17, 1964
Letter to Mom and Dad, August 29, 1964

Folder 2

Correspondence: General (June 18 - July 15, 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter to Gazette; July 10, 1964
Letter, Patrick [Jones] to Nancy and Joe Ellin; July 13, 1964

Folder 3

Correspondence: General (July 16 - 30, 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter, Linda [Gordon] to Joseph and Nancy Ellin; July 16, 1964
Letter, Jan [Bhuyan] to Joe and Nancy Ellin; July 21, 1964
Letter, Arthur [Falk] to Joe and Nancy Ellin; July 22, 1964
Letter, Dick [Richard Bernstein] to Joe Ellin; July 29, 1964
Letter, Dick [Richard Bernstein] to Joe Ellin; July 29, 1964

Folder 4

Correspondence: General (August 3 - 28, 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter, Arthur [Falk] to Nancy and Joe Ellin; August 15, 1964

Folder 5

Correspondence: General (September 4 - December 24, 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter, Rayford Lee Bourn to Nancy Ellin; September 9, 1964
Letter, Nancy Ellin to the editor of the Gazette; December 10, 1964

Folder 6

Correspondence: General (January 14 - December 23, 1965)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter, Mary Sue [Short] to friends; February 1, 1965
Letter, John Doar to Mrs. Joseph Ellin; February 15, 1965

Folder 7 Correspondence: General (January 24, 1966 - December 27, 1969)
Folder 8

Correspondence: General (September 1971 - May 1989; undated)

Folder 9

Correspondence: From Organizations (July 15,1964 - February 24, 1970)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Revolt in the Delta

Letter and brochure for Poor People's fund

Folder 10

Oxford, Ohio: General Materials (ca. June 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Talk to teachers
Security handbook
Letter from Mississippi Freedom Project volunteers; Hattiesburg, MS; [n.d.]
Memo, Mississippi Summer Project staff to Mississippi community center workers; [n.d.]
Overview of the Freedom Schools -- II
Overview of the political program
COFO political program
Basis for the development of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Profiles of freedom schools
Speech by Victoria Jackson Gray (Adams)
Petition to President Lyndon B. Johnson
Negro as a political force in America and in the South since 1900
Non-material teaching suggestions for freedom schools
Memo regarding three bombings in McComb, Miss.; June 22, 1964
Some provisions for federal prosecution in civil rights
Affidavits
Memorandum: on the SNCC Mississippi Summer Project
What is COFO? Mississippi: structure of the movement and present operations

Folder 11

Oxford, Ohio: Curriculum Materials (ca. June 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Freedom school curriculum materials

Folder 12

Oxford, Ohio: Curriculum Materials (ca. June 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Statistics on education, housing, income and employment, and health
Behind the cotton curtain
Voter registration laws in Mississippi: subversion of the fifteenth amendment in Mississippi
Case study: statements of discipline of non-violent movements

Folder 13

Oxford, Ohio: Personal Notes (June 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Suggested outline for telephone calls to "influential people" urging federal intervention in Mississippi


Box 2  
Folder 1

Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg: List of Volunteers (Summer 1964)


Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

List of Volunteers, August 31, 1964

Folder 2

Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg: Freedom School Student Work (Summer 1964)

Folder 3

Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg: Freedom School Student Newspapers (Summer 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Declaration of independence; Palmer's Crossing, Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Palmer's Crossing freedom news, number 1; July 23, 1964
Student voice of True Light; July 20, 1964
Student voice, True Light; July 24, 1964
Letter, Freedom School teacher to President Lyndon B. Johnson; July 22, 1964
Freedom press

Folder 4

Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg: Freedom Library (July - August 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Report on the Library, August 26, 1964
Needed for Hattiesburg, Mississippi, Freedom Schools; July, 1964
Memo, Virginia Steele to Mississippi Summer Project libarians; July 28, 1964
Memo, Virginia Steele to Mississippi Summer Project libarians; July 28, 1964
Report on the library
What you can do for the Hattiesburg freedom library

Folder 5

Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg: Personal Notes (May - October 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter to Anonymous Person(s), July 9, 1964
Joseph Ellin journal transcript
Freedom workshop flyer
Letter, Betty Garman to SNCC volunteers; [n.d.]
Account of a Freedom School volunteer; July 9, 1964
Teaching in Freedom Schools; July 9, 1964
Newsletter, Mississippi Freedom Project

Folder 6

Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg: Hattiesburg (ca. Summer 1964 - February 1965)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

WATS line summary
Statistical report on Forrest County
In white America program
Freedom booklet
Mississippi project map
SNCC Washington lobby, June 13-July 14
Voice of the movement; Vol. I, issue 10
Voice of the movement; Vol. I, issue 13
Voice of the movement; February 1, 1965

Folder 7

Freedom Summer Offices in Mississippi (ca. 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Offices in Mississippi

Folder 8

Post-Freedom Summer (August - December 1964; undated)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Materials needed by COFO
Letter, Nancy and Joe Ellin to Kalamazoo Council on Human Relations; September 23, 1964
Incident summary -- Mississippi; October 1964
Rights worker beaten by police in Hattiesburg: officer threatens to kill him
Letter, COFO Hattiesburg staff to Friends; December 28, 1964
Letter, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to all friends of the MFDP; [n.d.]
Letter, Joe and Nancy Ellin to friends; [n.d.]
COFO program (Winter 1964 - Spring 1965)
Special report: community centers
Special report: medical committee for human rights
Freedom School data
Special report: Free Southern Theater
SNCC Wats report; September 21-22, 1964
Response to the 13th and 14th bombings in McComb, Mississippi
McComb incident summary, June - September 1964

Folder 9 Organizations: Council of Federated Organizations (ca. 1964)
Folder 10

Organizations: Council of Federated Organizations (ca. 1964-65)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter, Mississippi summer project staff to summer project workers; May 5, 1964
Letter, Summer project staff to friend; May 18, 1964
Memo, COFO summer project committee to summer project participants; [n.d.]
Memo, Mississippi summer project staff to summer project voter registration workers; [1964?]
Convention challenge

Folder 11

Organizations: Congress of Racial Equality (ca. 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

CORE Freedom School brochure
CORE community center flyer
College students and others needed for CORE summer program

Folder 12

Organizations: Congress of Racial Equality (1963 - 1965)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

CORE-lator, no. 104
CORE-lator, no. 105
CORE-lator, no. 107
CORE-lator, no. 108

Folder 13 Organizations: Highlander Center (Fall 1963 - April 1965)
Folder 14

Organizations: Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (Summer 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party proposed resolution

To all teachers: poster party for MFDP instructions

Freedom registration form

Folder 15

Organizations: Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (Fall 1964 - July 1965)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Primer for delegates to the Democratic National Convention
Memo, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to friends; [n.d.]
News release, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Letter, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to friends; December 5, 1964
Congressional record; Vol. 111, no. 1; January 4, 1965
Memo on lobbying, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party; January 17, 1965
Mississippi challenges - progress report
Washington newsletter
MFDP announces plans for Mississippi Summer Project
News release, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party; National conference called for April in Washington
Memo, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to Northern supporters of MFDP; March 29, 1965
Testimony on proposed voting legislation in 89th Congress
Call to a conference on free elections in 1965
SNCC summer program; April 1965
Memo, Washington office, MFDP to Northern supporters and committees on challenge; [April 1965]
Statement by Dr. Martin Luther King; May 17, 1965
Statement by James Farmer, National Director, CORE; May 17, 1965
Statement by John Lewis, SNCC Chairman; May 17, 1965
Call to action
Report on the challenge; July 7, 1965
Statistics of Negro and White voter registration in the five Congressional districts of Mississippi

Folder 16

Organizations: Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (August 1965 - June 1966)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter, Lawrence Guyot to friend; September 28, 1965
MFDP News; January 1966
Memo, Victoria J. Gray to friends and supporters of the MFDP; February 10, 1966
Sunflower County: a call to action
Press release, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party; April 4, 1966
Declaration of independence from the principles of the Democratic Party of the state of Mississippi
Rebuttal of Section 3129
Sunflower County: a progress report
Emergency bulletin: primary elections
Mississippi primaries: the aftermath

Folder 17 Organizations: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP] (Summer 1964)
Folder 18 Organizations: National Sharecroppers Fund (ca. 1963)
Folder 19

Organizations: Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee(1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Mississippi Freedom Project brochure
Genocide in Mississippi

Folder 20

Organizations: Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (ca. January 2, 1964 - May 3, 1965; undated)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Letter, Mississippi Freedom Project to volunteers and friends; [October 24, 1964?]
Mississippi Freedom Schools
Memorandum: on the SNCC Mississippi Summer Project; [1964]
Whites organize to oppose Mississippi Summer Project; May 26, 1964
Memo from SNCC[?]; June 22, 1964
Mississippi bombings since June 16, 1964
Memo, Betty Garman to friends of SNCC, campus contacts and others; October 27, 1964
Memo, Betty Garman to friends of SNCC and campus contacts; October 28, 1964
Incident Summary - Mississippi; October 1964
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party congressional challenge fact sheet
Campus contact newsletter; April 25, 1965
Bail for Belzoni
News release, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; [n.d.]
Brief memorandum on federal civil rights authority [n.d.]
News release, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; December 10, 1964
Incident summary, Dec. 1st - Dec. 9th

Folder 21

Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: The Student Voice (May 1964 - December 1965)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Student voice, Vol. 5, no. 11
Voice of the movement; August 17, 1964
Student voice, Vol. 5, no. 21
Student voice, Vol. 5, no. 22
Student voice, Vol. 6, no. 2
Voice, Vol. 6, no. 3
Voice, Vol. 6, no. 4
Voice, Vol. 6, no. 5
Voice, Vol. 6, no. 6

Folder 22 Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: News Clippings (May 1964 - July 1988; undated)
Folder 23 Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: Magazine Articles (October 1963 - October 1965)


Box 3  
Folder 1 Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: Magazine, Civil Rights and Civil Wrongs (1964)
Folder 2 Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: Magazine, Jet (August 27, 1964)
Folder 3 Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: Magazine, Mississippi Eyewitness (1964)
Folder 4 Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: Magazine, The Nation (May 18 - December 28, 1964)
Folder 5

Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: Pamphlets (July - August 1964)

Digitized materials from this folder include the following:

Calendar of coercion

Folder 6 Materials Re: Civil Rights Movement: "Women's Day 1966" (March 13, 1966)
Folder 7 Program: Methodist Men's Retreat (September 19-20, 1964)
Folder 8 Data Profile of Mississippi (ca. 1964)
Folder 9 Mississippi License Plate (1964)
Folder 10 List of Historically Black Colleges (ca. 1964)
Folder 11

Gov. J. P. Coleman (1965)

Committee to defeat Governor Coleman
Bills signed into law by Governor Coleman

Folder 12 Pamphlets on Gender Equity (ca. 1974; 1984)


Box 4  
Folder 1 Oversize Magazine Articles , Newspapers & Newsletters (December 7, 1963 - July 13, 1965)
Folder 2 Scrapbook (ca. March 1963 - September 1964)
Folder 3 Scrapbook (October - November 1964)


Box 5  
Folder 1 Scrapbook (December 1964)
Folder 2 Scrapbook (January 1965)
Folder 3 Scrapbook (January - February 1965)
Folder 4 Scrapbook (February - June 1965)


Oversized Materials
Item 1

SNCC Poster: "Come Let Us Build a New World Together" (ca. 1964)
This poster can be viewed online at: Come let us build a new world together

Item 2 SNCC Poster: "NOW" (ca. 1964)
This poster can be viewed online at: NOW
Item 3 SNCC Poster: "One Man, One Vote" (ca. 1964)
This poster can be viewed online at: One man, one vote
Item 4 Newspaper: The Afro American (February 13, 1965)
Item 5 Newspaper: The Afro American (February 20, 1965)
Item 6 Arkansas/Mississippi Road Map (1964)



Related Collections:

M326 Shaw (Terri) Freedom Summer Collection

M366 Kwanguvu (Umoja) Freedom Summer Collection

M351 Randall (Herbert) Freedom Summer Photographs

 


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