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Manuscript Collection

Collection Title: United States Forest Service, Harrison Experimental Forest Station Collection

Collection Number: M318

Dates: 1925-1998

Volume: 9 cu. Ft.

Provenance: Donated in February of 1997 and 1998 by Dr. Robert Doudrick, Project Leader of the Southern Institute of Forest Genetics.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Life in the southern region of Mississippi has long been dominated by the sundry species of pine located in the voluminous forests which stretch from the Gulf Coast northward to near Jackson and Meridian, and westward toward Natchez. From 1880 until 1920, lumber and timber interests extracted much of the virgin timber from which the "piney woods" of south Mississippi received her namesake, primarily for sale to the ravenous Midwestern lumber markets. After the virulent "harvest," much of the denuded acreage in the region came to be viewed as worthless, since the poor soil of the region, although ideal for the growth of the pine, could not be easily adapted for agricultural purposes. Since the south as a region placed little emphasis on reforestation, much of the land, including the area which later became the Harrison Experimental Forest, remained devoid of the once plentiful pine.

In the early 1920's the United States government became more active in the regrowth of southern forests. In 1921, the Forest Service established the Southern Forest Experiment Station, located in New Orleans, Louisiana, to research and document forestry problems in the southern states. Since the regeneration of the pine constituted a significant portion of the ongoing research in the region, a suitable "experimental facility" was needed to conduct long term silvicultural studies. In 1933, the United States government purchased large tracts of land, for the purpose of conservation, in southeastern Mississippi, and consolidated the purchases into the DeSoto National Forest. A 3,850 acre portion of the Biloxi Purchase Unit of the DeSoto, located 25 miles north of Gulfport near Saucier, Mississippi, deemed to be representative of over three million acres of clear-cut and second growth forests in Mississippi, was set aside for research in fall 1933 and named the Harrison Experimental Forest .

The Federal Government wasted little time in planning and erecting suitable research facilities at the HEF. By December of 1933, administrative site plans had been designed, and in early 1934 the Civil Works Administration finished work on several buildings, including the office-laboratory, greenhouse, residence, garage, equipment depot, and the light and water depot. The Civilian Conservation Corps also participated in the project by landscaping the grounds of the administrative site, constructing fences and cattle guards, and establishment of over eleven miles of road on the HEF property.

From the establishment of the HEF in 1933 until the present time, the complex has been the site of a multitude of research projects, most of which are centered around the variety of southern pines which inhabit the region. Major projects undertaken by the scientists who worked, and sometimes lived, on the Harrison Station include studies on fusiform rust and brown spot, both diseases which affect the growth and longevity of the pine. Several products pathology experiments have also garnered much time and attention from the HEF staff. Annual Field Days, which took place from 1948 to 1960, helped inform both the public and also private industry of the contributions made to the society and economy through the research initiated at the HEF.

Until 1953, the scientists stationed at the HEF fell under the direction of the Bureau of Plant Industry, but worked in cooperation with the Forest Service. After 1953, the facility and the scientists came under the direction of the Forest Service. In 1960, a new laboratory opened in Gulfport, and although many of the actual experiments continued to be conducted at the HEF, many of the scientists day to day activities now took place in Gulfport. In the late 1980's and early 1990's, consolidation once again changed the use of the HEF. The Southern Institute of Forest Genetics relocated to the Harrison, and in 1992 the Gulfport facility closed, and the scientists, staff, and records migrated once again to the rural forest station. Since 1992, the Harrison has been revitalized as a regional center of activity for the Forest Service, primarily as a component branch of the USDA's Southern Research Station, based in Asheville, North Carolina. Today ten scientists and nearly fifteen support personnel are based at the facility, which much like the surrounding forest, has evolved to meet the needs of a changing environment.

Scope and Content:

The United States Forest Service, Harrison Experimental Forest Station Collection contains photographs, negatives, maps, slides, and manuscripts produced by the scientists and support staff at the station from 1924-1993. In addition, numerous photographs are also included from the Genetics Lab in Gulfport, which served as the operational center for the Southern Institute of Forest Genetics from 1960 - 1992. Other significant contents include photographs from the aftermath of both Hurricanes Camille and Frederick, as well as numerous scenes from the Mississippi Gulf Coast, mostly from the 1970's and 1980's.

The collection is organized into four series, which generally reflect the organization imposed by the Forest Service. The principal organizational criteria of this collection is the format of the material, as well as the size. The first series contains sixteen boxes of photographs and negatives which document both the day to day and research activities of the Harrison Experimental Forest Station. The series is divided into two subgroups which separate regular and oversize photographs. The first series is composed of all photographs and negatives which are less than letter folder size. All duplicate images, as well as negatives, are filed together. Subgroup one, made up of sixteen boxes, contains both color and black and white photographs, which date from 1924 to 1993. Scientific research, group photos, scenes from the Mississippi Gulf Coast, and the aftermaths of Hurricanes Camille and Frederick are all documented in the first subgroup. Other notable photographs include photos of the Gulfport Lab, as well as photos of personnel who have worked at the station over the years. Most photographs in this series are dated, and descriptive notes are included wherever possible. The second subseries consists of one box of oversized photographs, or photographs which are larger than a legal size folder. Both color and black and white images are present, and the majority of the photos are aerial snapshots of the Harrison, or research photographs enlarged to be used for display.

Series Two of the collection contains nine boxes of slides which were taken by the scientists at the Harrison Experimental Forest for research purposes. The Series is divided into two subgroups, based on the format of the slides. The first subseries, composed of one box of standard slides, documents various research projects carried on by the Harrison scientists, mainly from 1950 till 1990. The second subseries is composed of eight boxes of three inch by five inch glass lantern slides. This particular group of images was taken in the late 1920's and early 1930's, and shows numerous scenes from lumber mills and yards from Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida. The glass lantern slides document types of lumber piles and methods of treating lumber, as well as blue staining and microscopic views of fungi on lumber.

Series Three is composed of all manuscript materials which relate to the Harrison Forest Experimental Station. The single box includes correspondence, pamphlets, newspaper articles, and typewritten documents which relate to the history and mission of the station. Typewritten manuscripts compose the bulk of this series.

Series Four contains all maps and blueprints associated with the collection. Since all of the material is rather large, two oversized mapcases hold the contents of the series. Blueprints of most of the buildings at the Harrison Experimental Forest, as well as numerous maps of the station and the surrounding area comprise the bulk of the series.

Concurrent with McCain Archives policy, each unique photographic image is assigned a unique number. Regardless of the size or format of the image, all duplicates will bear the same unique number. The first portion of the assigned number is derived from the manuscript number of the collection, M318 in the case of the United States Forest Service, Harrison Experimental Forest Station Collection, and the second portion of the image number is a sequential ascending whole number, beginning with one, assigned to the first photograph in Series One. Therefore the first image in the collection is M318-1, and the collection ends with image M318-2265. The exception is a small group of aerial photographs which bear numbers imposed by the photographer.

The collection would be of interest to researchers in either pine research or reforestation in the South during the twentieth century. In addition, the large numbers of photographs would be helpful to researchers interested in the lumber industry in Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, or Arkansas. Researchers studying the Mississippi Gulf Coast or hurricanes in the region from 1960- 1993 could also find pertinent information in the collection.

Related Collections:

M134 Goodyear Yellow Pine Company Photographs

M284 Gulf and Ship Island Railroad Minute Book

M259 Hubbard (Bob) Hurricane Camille Photographs

M315 Hurricane Camille Photograph Collection

M291 Ingram-Day Lumber Company Records

M286 J.J. Newman Lumber Company Records

M292 Major-Sowers Sawmill Photographs

M293 Weston Lumber Company Photographs

Box and Folder List:

Series I: Photographs and Negatives

Subseries One: Standard Photographs

   
Box 1:  
Folder 1: Southern Forest Experiment Station M318-1
Folder 2: Forest Roads, Harrison Experimental Forest M318-2-M318-5
Folder 3: Exotics arboretum, Harrison Experimental Forest M318-6-M318-24
Folder 4: Longleaf Pine Genetics Study M318-25-M318-27
Folder 5: Longleaf Pine Genetics Study M318-27-M318-34
Folder 6: Longleaf Pine Genetics Study M318-35-M318-39
Folder 7: Longleaf Pine Genetics Study M318-40-M318-43
Folder 8: Research, Harrison Experimental Forest M318-44- M318-54
Folder 9: Slash Pines in Tongyea Area M318-55- M318-60
Folder 10: Longleaf Pine Plantation, Harrison Experimental Forest M318-61-67
Folder 11: Sweetgum Plantation M318-68-M318-65
Folder 12: Hybrid Arboretum, HEF M318-76-M318-77
Folder 13: Unknown Activity, HEF M318-78-M318-83
Folder 14: Seed Source Survey, HEF M318-84-M318-88
Folder 15: Various, HEF M318-89-M318-105
Folder 16: Laboratory, HEF M318-106
Folder 17: Dedication of the Southern Institute of Forest Genetics M318-107-119
Folder 18: Construction of Southern Institute of Forest Genetics M318-120-127
Folder 19: Institute of Forest Genetics Lab M318-128-M318-171
Folder 20: Genetics display, Southern Institute of Forest Genetics M318-172-173
Folder 21: Opening Ceremony: Southern Forest Experiment Station M318-174-214
Folder 22: Opening Southern Forest Experiment Station M318-215-M318-222
   
Box 2:  
Folder 1: Hurricane Camille M318-223-M318-263
Folder 2: Hurricane Fredirec M318-264-M318-267
Folder 3: Mississippi Gulf Coast M318-268-302
Folder 4: Desoto National Forest, roads M318-303-M318-326
Folder 5: Desoto National Forest, Tucachanie Trail M318-327-M318-361
Folder 6: Bald Cypress Stand M318-362
Folder 7: Desoto National Forest, various M318-363-M318-371
Folder 8: Tree Farm M318-372-M318-374
Folder 9: Genetics Study: Alexandria Center M318-375
Folder 10: Research, Asheville, NC M318-376
Folder 11: Research, Crossett, AR M318-377-M318-380
Folder 12: Research, town ants M318-381-M318-385
Folder 13: Research, Pine Hill, AL M318-386
Folder 14: Infected slash pine M318-387-M318-390
Folder 15: Research, Stoneville, MS M318-391-M318-390
   
Box 3:  
Folder 1: Harrison Experimental Forest Station M318-394-M318-396
Folder 2: HEF, various M318-397-M318-402
Folder 3: Student work M318-403-M318-468
Folder 4: Longleaf Pine Management Project M318-469
Folder 5: Geographic Seed Source Survey M318-470-M318-472
Folder 6: Display-Pine Experiments M318-473-M318-481
Folder 7: Wool Day M318-482
Folder 8: Animals, HEF M318-483-M318-405
Folder 9: Livestock, McNeill Experimental Forest M318-506-M318-510
Folder 10: Site photos, HEF M318-511-M318-540
Folder 11: Land clearing M318-541-M318-557
Folder 12: Pine Experiments M318-558-M318-567
Folder 13: First Field Day M318-568-M318-577
   
Box 4:  
Folder 1: Oak sprout eradication study M318-578-M318-628
Folder 2: Oak palmetto eradication study M318-629-M318-665
Folder 3: Pine research M318-666-M318-688
Folder 4: Pine research M318-689-M318-731
Folder 5: Pine research M318-732-M318-762
   
Box 5:  
Folder 1: Pine research M318-763-M318-800
Folder 2: Longleaf pine (cronartium) M318-801-M318-804
Folder 3: Loblolly pine (cronartium) M318-805-M318-833
Folder 4: Cronartium (pines) M318-834-M318-844
Folder 5: Cronatrium (pines) M318-845-M318-881
   
Box 6:  
Folder 1: Cronartium (pines) M318-882-M318-904
Folder 2: Cronartium (pines) M318-904-M318-919
Folder 3: Cronartium (pines) M318-920-M318-927
Folder 4: Slash pine M318-928-M318-999
Folder 5: Southern Forestry Conference M318-1000-M318-1007
Folder 6: Calvin Bey M318-1008
Folder 7: Dr. Daniel Scmitt M318-1009
Folder 8: Dr. Glenn Snow M318-1010
   
Box 7:  
Folder 1: Charles Walkingshaw, Berch Henry M318-1011-M318-1017
Folder 2: Insect damage M318-1018-M318-1025
Folder 3: Forest Service Personnel M318-1026
Folder 4: Forest Service Personnel M318-1028-M318-1040
Folder 5: Warren Nance M318-1042
Folder 6: Ron Schmidtling M318-1043-M318-1044
Folder 7: Forest Service Personnel M318-1045-M318-1053
Folder 8: Field Day M318-1054-M318-1093
Folder 9: Hurricane Frederic M318-1094-M318-1124
Folder 10: Loblolly pine M318-1125-M318-1128
Folder 11: Pine disease M318-1129
Folder 12: Wall mural M318-1131-M318-1152
Folder 13: Holt Walton Experimental Forest M318-1153-M318-1156
Folder 14: Czabator M318-1157
Folder 15: Apollo 14 mission M318-1160
Folder 16: Southern Experimental Forest Station M318-1161-1165
   
Box 8:  
Folder 1: Manned spacecraft center M318-1166
Folder 2: Manned spacecraft center M318-1167-M318-1169
Folder 3: Manned spacecraft center M318-1170-M318-1172
Folder 4: Manned spacecraft center M318-1173-M318-1190
Folder 5: Manned spacecraft center M318-1191-M318-1199
Folder 6: Manned spacecraft center M318-1200-M318-1202
Folder 7: Manned spacecraft center M318-1203-M318-1225
Folder 8: Manned spacecraft center M318-1226-M318-1229
Folder 9: Lathe house M318-1230-M318-1234
Folder 10: Amino acid analyzer M318-1235-M318-1237
Folder 11: Gas chromatograph M318-1238
Folder 12: Plus Longleaf pine M318-1239-M318-1241
Folder 13: Nutrient cultures M318-1242
Folder 14: Water requirement study M318-1243-M318-1258
Folder 15: Pine studies M318-1259-M318-1267
Folder 16: Pine studies M318-1268-M318-1287
Folder 17: Pine studies M318-1288-M318-1307
   
Box 9:  
Folder 1: Brown spot needle blight M318-1308-M318-1326
Folder 2: Brown spot needle blight M318-1326-M318-1341
Folder 3: Brown spot needle blight M318-1342-M318-1353
Folder 4: Brown spot needle blight M318-1354-M318-1360
Folder 5: Brown spot needle blight M318-1361-M318-1368
Folder 6: Brown spot needle blight M318-1369-M318-1372
Folder 7: Brown spot needle blight M318-1373-M318-1374
Folder 8: Brown spot needle blight M318-1375-M318-1377
Folder 9: Brown spot needle blight M318-1378-M318-1379
Folder 10: Brown spot needle blight M318-1380-M318-1395
Folder 11: Brown spot needle blight M318-1396-M318-1400
   
Box 10:  
Folder 1: Stain results M318-1402-M318-1419
Folder 2: Stain results M318-1420-M318-1427
Folder 3: Stain results M318-1428-M318-1443
Folder 4: Stain results M318-1444-M318-1467
Folder 5: Stain results M318-1468-M318-1485
Folder 6: Stain results M318-1486-M318-1507
   
Box 11:  
Folder 1: Brown spot needle blight M318-1508-M318-1519
Folder 2: Brown spot needle blight M318-1520-M318-1526
Folder 3: Slash disposal M318-1527-M318-M318-1539
Folder 4: Slash disposal M318-1540-M318-M318-1553
Folder 5: Dipping of lumber M318-1554-M318-1562
Folder 6: Gumbolts M318-1563-M318-1584
   
Box 12:  
Folder 1: Log tests M318--1585-1617
Folder 2: Log tests M318-1618-M318-1644
Folder 3: Pre-treatment work M318-1645-M318-1664
Folder 4: Test results M318-1665-M318-1673
Folder 5: Stain-insect control M318-1674-M318-1685
Folder 6: Stain dissemination M318-1686
Folder 7: Stain Fungi M318-1688-M318-1691
   
Box 13:  
Folder 1: Fumigation M318-1692-M318-1711
Folder 2: Tree rot M318-1712
Folder 3: Timber decay M318-1713-M318-1723
Folder 4: Lumber M318-1724-M3181739
Folder 5: Logs M318-1740-M318-1746
Folder 6: Small scale decay tests M318-1747-M318-1756
Folder 7: Poles M318-1757-M318-1764
Folder 8: Stain M318-1765-M318-1791
Folder 9: Shipping lumber M318-1792-M318-1798
Folder 10: Mill practices M318-1799-M318-1806
Folder 11: Lumber foundations M318-1807-1823
   
Box 14:  
Folder 1: Lumber M318-1757-M318-1764
Folder 2: Lumber Foundations M318-1854-M318-1874
Folder 3: Lumber foundations M318-1875-M318-1898
Folder 4: Lumber foundations M318-1899-M318-1916
Folder 5: Dipping vat M318-1917-M318-1936
Folder 6: Dipping vat M318-1937-M318-1949
   
Box 15:  
Folder 1: Dipping vat M318-1950-M318-1962
Folder 2: Dipping vat M318-1963-M318-1972
Folder 3: Dipping vat M318-1973-M318-1985
Folder 4: Locust M318-1986-M318-1994
Folder 5: Chickasawhay fire studies M318-1996-M318-2014
Folder 6: Forest pathology M318-2015-M318-2032
Folder 7: Forest pathology M318-2033-M318-2059
Folder 8: Lumber M318-2060-M318-2088
   
Box 16:  
Folder 1: Lumber M318-2089-M318-2122
Folder 2: Lumber M318-2123-M318-2129
Folder 3: Lumber M318-2130-M318-2152
Folder 4: Logging M318-2153-M318-2178
Folder 5: Logging M318-2179-M318-2277
   
Subseries II: Oversized Photographs
   
Box 17:  
Contents: Research photographs and displays
   

Series II: Slides

Subseries I: Lantern Slides

   
Boxes 18-25:  
Contents: Seventy-nine three inch x five inch glass lantern slides, depicting lumber and logging research from the late 1920's and early 1930's.  Slides taken at lumber mills and yards in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida document types of lumber piles and methods of treating lumber. Other slides document blue staining and microscopic views of fungi on lumber.  
   
Subseries II: Standard Slides
Box 26:  
Folder 1: Chipprable waste (sawmills)
Folder 2: DeSoto National Forest
Folder 3: Equipment and facilities
Folder 4: Farm forestry
Folder 5: Fayetteville, Arkansas
Folder 6: Forest roads
Folder 7: Formosan sweetgum
Folder 8: Genetics
Folder 9: Harrison Experimental Forest Station, various
Folder 10: House decay (includes promotional written materials)
Folder 11: Manned spacecraft center
Folder 12: Research
Folder 13: Mississippi Gulf Coast scenes
Folder 14: Pine disease
Folder 15: Pine insects
Folder 16: Timber harvesting
Folder 17: Tree farming
Folder 18: Wood Preservation
   
Series III: Manuscript Materials
   
Box 27:  
Folder 1: Report on the Proposed Harrison Experimental Forest
Folder 2: Memo: Southern Station briefing book update
Folder 3: Correspondence
Folder 4: Drying oven specifications
Folder 5: Soil Survey (HEF 1963)
Folder 6: Building records (HEF)
Folder 7: Population counts
Folder 8: DeSoto National Forest Information
Folder 9: Pine research
Folder 10: "National Forests in Mississippi" (brochure)
Folder 11: "The Southern Institute of Forest Genetics" (booklet)
Folder 12: South Mississippi Forestry Field Day, 1989
Folder 13: South Mississippi Forestry Field Day, 1990
Folder 14: Harrison Experimental Forest Web Page Information, 1998 (paper copy)
   
Series IV: Maps and Blueprints
   
Box 27 (cont.):
Folder 15: HEF Road Map
Folder 16: Biloxi Purchase Unit Map
Folder 17: Harrison Experimental Forest
Folder 18: Tentative Plot Plan (HEF)
Folder 19: Plot Plans (blueprint, HEF)
   
Mapcase 2, Drawer 6 (oversize materials):
Mississippi Soil Map
Major Forest Types of Mississippi (2 copies)
Mississippi County Map
South Mississippi Map, HEF and McNeil Forests
HEF and Vicinity (1936)
Harrison County Map
Harrison County Soil Map
United States Naval Construction Battalion Center Map, Gulfport, MS
Chickasawhay Purchase Unit (1934)
Chickasawhay Purchase Unit (1937)
DeSoto National Forest (1940)
DeSoto National Forest (1965)
Homochitto National Forest (1935)
Homochitto National Forest (1965)
Delta Purchase Unit (1935)
Holly Springs National Forest
Apalachicola National Forest
Clark County, Arkansas
Layfayette County, Arkansas
Dallas County, Arkansas
Cleveland County, Arkansas
Nevada County, Arkansas
Ash County, Arkansas
Polk County, Florida (2 copies)
Baker County, Florida
Dooly County, Georgia
Wilcox County, Georgia
Worcester County, Maryland
Pamlico County, North Carolina
Craven County, North Carolina (2 copies)
Hertford County, North Carolina
Pushmataha County, Oklahoma
Union County, South Carolina
Newberry County, South Carolina
Georgetown County, South Carolina
Laurens County, South Carolina
Anderson County, Tennessee
Morgan County, Tennessee
Chester County, Tennessee
Campbell County, Tennessee
Cherokee County, Texas (2 copies)
Seed Source Survey Maps of Mississippi (4)
Sweetgum collection graphs (7)
Unknown graphs (2)
Sweetgum planting
Mirror image map, HEF
Tennessee Sweetgum
Topographical Map, HEF
Forest Type Map, HEF
Proposed Building Locations, HEF (1935)
HEF Site Maps, thirteen separate maps (1935)
Location of Fire Protection Equipment, HEF (1946, 3 copies)
Misc Map of HEF (1934)
Proposed Road Development Map, HEF (1935)
Truck, Trial, and Road Development Map, HEF (1937)
HEF Map (1935, 3 copies)
Head quarters Site Map, HEF (1938)
Arboretum Planting Plan, HEF (1938)
HEF Road Map Inverse
HEF Road Map (7 copies)
 
Mapcase 2, Drawer 7 (oversize materials):
HEF Map
HEF Site Maps, ten separate maps (1968, 2 copies)
Building Blueprints, HEF nine separate drawings (circa 1930's)
Warehouse drawing, HEF
Shop building drawing, HEF
Office and Laboratory drawing, HEF
Fire traverse
HEF Entrance Sign Blueprint (3 copies)
Library Table Blueprint, HEF 2 separate drawings
Incinerator and clothes pole blueprint, HEF (2 copies)
Topographical map, HEF (1934)
Water tower blueprint, HEF
Drying oven blueprint, HEF (4 copies)
McNeil Experimental Forest Map (5 copies)
Aerial photograph, including northern Harrison County and HEF
Aerial photographs from the 1940's-1960's (62 separate images)
M318-2265 Man standing in Longleaf Pine Forest

Photograph Log: Available at repository.


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Revised: September 4, 2008