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Collection Title: Virginia Militia, 114th Regiment, Company F (Captain William Wolford's Company) Morning Report

Collection Number: M296

Dates: February 1862

Volume: 1 Item

Provenance: Donated by Mrs. Harry Lee of Ocean Springs, Mississippi, in May 1974.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Based on the Federal Militia Act of 1792, the Virginia militia system declared that all males between the ages of 18 and 45 years of age were liable for military duty. Men enrolled in the company and regiment of their home district and served as members of the "line militia", supporting the regular army troops. With the outbreak of hostilities between the North and South in April, 1861, Virginia rapidly organized the existing militia units into five divisions, 28 brigades, and 198 regiments. Captain William Wolford, a native of Hampshire County, began his service in the 114th Virginia Militia Regiment on July 14, 1861.

Commanded by Colonel Alexander Monroe, the 114th Regiment (approximately 150 men) formed a part of the Third Militia Division, under the overall command of Major General Thomas Haywood. The regiment served with Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's corps, participating in the advance on Romney, West Virginia (September 23-25, 1861) and the skirmish at South Branch Bridge, West Virginia (26 October, 1861). The regiment was disbanded in April 1862, with the surviving members volunteering to serve in either the 18th Virginia Cavalry Regiment or the 33rd Virginia Infantry Regiment. Captain Wolford's association with the 114th ended on April 7, 1862.

Scope and Content:

This document, the morning report of Captain William Wolford, Company F, 114th Virginia Militia Regiment, represents a register of all officers and men for the month of February, 1862. The register lists the number of men present and absent on each day throughout the month, as well as those sick, under arrest, in confinement, or assigned extra daily duty. The report is signed by both the commanding officer, Captain Wolford, and the First Sergeant, John Robeson. The document is in poor condition, and some entries are difficult to read.

This collection may be of interest to researchers studying the 114th Virginia Militia Regiment or to researchers with a general interest in the American Civil War.


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Revised: December 16, 2004