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Collection Title: Beauregard (Pierre Gustave Toutant) Papers, 1862, 1863

Collection Number: M237

Dates: December 1, 1862 and July 24, 1863

Volume: 2 items

Provenance: Donated by Ernest A. Walen to the University of Southern Mississippi in October 1969. This collection was separated from M123.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893) was born in Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana, and graduated with the class of 1838 from West Point. He served as an officer of the engineer corps before and during the Mexican War and received two brevets for gallantry. Beauregard was appointed superintendent of the Military Academy for a few days in January, 1861, but resigned his commission in February, and on March 1, 1861, was appointed brigadier general of the Provisional Army, C.S.A. He was in command at Fort Sumter and with Joseph E. Johnston at 1st Manassas. Commissioned a full general in the regular army, Beauregard was sent west in 1862 where he assumed command of the Army of the Tennessee at Shiloh after General Albert Sidney Johnston was killed. Confederate troops under Beauregard fell back to Corinth, Mississippi, but abandoned the city to Federal General Halleck's larger force. Illness forced Beauregard's temporary retirement, yet in the last two years of the war he returned to command Confederate forces in South Carolina and Georgia, especially in the area of Charleston. He was instrumental in the Confederate victory at Petersburg, and he supported Lee in Virginia in 1864 where he was in command of the Army of the West. During the last weeks of the war, he served General J.E. Johnston in the Carolinas and returned to New Orleans after the surrender.

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of two documents issued at the command of or in the hand of Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard in Charleston, South Carolina. The first document is Special Order No. 239, written on December 1, 1862, in Charleston, South Carolina, headquarters of the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. It was issued by command of General Beauregard, but the author's signature is illegible. This document has five sections clearly identified by roman numerals. Section one assigns three ship's carpenters of the 30th Louisiana Volunteers to the "Torpedo Ram." Section two deals with the assigment of two surgeons, one to Wayside Hospital in Charleston and the other to a Georgia District. Section three revokes the special duty to a private of the Ashley Dragoons. And Section five assigns a lieutenant to duty in the Fourth Military District.

The second document is handwritten by General Beauregard at Charleston, South Carolina, to Brigadier-General John Henry Winder at Richmond, Virginia, on July 24, 1863. Beauregard had received information from Winder but could not do anything about the suggestion(s) at the time. Beauregard states that he will act on Winder's suggestion as circumstances permit him to do so.


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Revised: December 14, 2004