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Collection Title: United States Army. Office of Subsistence. Report. Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Collection Number: M135

Dates: October 1863

Volume: 1 Item

Provenance: Conway Barker in 1969.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Following Vicksburg's surrender in July 1863, the city and its residents began to return to normal. A steamer from upriver docked at the wharf in mid-July and it was reported that by August one could buy anything he wanted in the city's stores. It was the occupying army doing most of the purchasing, however, for few southerners had cash to spend. Many southerners had to rely on the army commissary for provisions.

By General Order No. 46, issued at Vicksburg on July 21, 1863, citizens received provisions from the army were required to present certificates stating that they were destitute and including the number in the family and the time they would draw provisions. Provisions referred to in this order were specified as one pound of flour and one half-pound of salt meat or one pound of fresh beef per ration.

On August 1, 1863, General Order No. 50 broadened the area covered to include destitute families of Warren County. Those families able to pay for the provisions were required to do so.

J. C. Cox was a Lieutenant Colonel in the 17th Army Corps, Department of the Tennessee, United States Army. In 1864 he was awarded a medal for efficiency in the Commissary Department. No information is available on A.H. Robinson.

Scope and Content:

This report was written by Captain A.H. Robinson, Chief, Commissary of Subsistence Vicksburg, Mississippi, in October 1863, to Lieutenant Colonel J.C. Cox, Acting Chief of the Commissary of Subsistence, Department of the Tennessee. The text of the report indicates there was an accompanying document containing statistics, but it is no longer attached.

The following categories of statistics were being kept:

(1) number of destitute citizens receiving commissary issues; (2) number of families; (3) amount of supplies sold; (4) number of


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Revised: November 24, 2004