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Collection Title: Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company/Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company Records

Collection Number: M108

Dates: January 1905-February 1975

Volume: 57 volumes (10.45 cu.ft.)

Provenance: Donated by Miss Jessie Morrison, July 1979. Miss Morrison is the daughter of Mr. William S. Morrison, one of the founders of the Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

In early 1904, Mr. William S. Morrison and Mr. Ira Gaston purchased a small brickyard located on the banks of the Bouie River 2 miles northwest of Hattiesburg, Mississippi. The brickyard was then incorporated as the Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company, and sometime soon after the purchase, Mr. Paul L. Gaston bought Mr. Ira Gaston's interest in the company.

The Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company was the parent company of the Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company at Baptist, Louisiana, four miles west of Hammond. This plant was built in 1920.

In 1927, the Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company was sold to R. W. Dunn, W. E. Thigpen, and Herber Gillis. The name was changed to the Hattiesburg Brick Works and was rebuilt in its present location, directly across the public road (now Lakeview Road) from the original plant. The Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company was retained by the original owners.

In 1946, the Hattiesburg Brick Works was purchased from Mr. Thigpen, who was then the sole owner, by J. D. Lewis; and in March 1966, the Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company, still owned by the heirs of William S. Morrison and Paul L. Gaston, bought the Hattiesburg Brick Works from Mr. Lewis.

In 1979, the Hattiesburg Brick Works was sold to the Merry Company of Georgia.

Related Collections:

Morrison (Jessie) Collection

Scope and Content:

This collection contains the partial records of two related brick companies owned by Mr. Ira Gaston and Mr. William S. Morrison, the Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company of Hattiesburg, Mississippi and the Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company of Baptist, Louisiana. Financial journals, production records and time books are available for both companies. The records of the Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company document the company's activities between 1905 and 1927, while the records of the Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company document the years between 1920 and 1975. These records provide information about both the companies and the communities in which they were located.

The Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company was sold in 1927 and became the Hattiesburg Brick Works under the new ownership. None of the records in this collection are from the new company.

The journals document daily financial activities of these companies. While the primary function of the journals was to record expenses and revenues, they also identify local businesses and individuals which were buying brick. The production records generally document the number of bricks that were produced. They also usually contain notations about numerous procedures that took place in the making of bricks, so they provide an account of the daily activities in the brickyards. The time books contain wage and hour records of company employees. Correspondence, receipts, and various other types of miscellaneous materials were preserved by chance in the bound volumes of this collection. The most extensive of these miscellaneous records are 14 short financial statements of the Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company from the early 1920's. No other aspects of the businesses appear to be treated at length in these incidental materials, but individual items may provide complementary information about day-to-day operations.

The first subgroup of records were produced by the Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company between 1905 and 1927, with the exception of a few records form 1928 and 1929 when the company was closing its books. The journals document all years except 1918-1923. The production records of the Riverside Company cover 1907-1908, 1918-1920, and 1924-1927. The time books cover 1915-1918, 1920-1921, and 1923-1925. The earliest of these records are a mixture of financial and production data which sometimes make them difficult to interpret and classify; none the less they are of interest because of the local families and businesses that are mentioned.

The second subgroup of records are for the Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company. There are journals for the years 1925-1927, 1930-1954, 1957-1958, and 1962-1963. Several of the journals differ in form from the general journals. For example, the general journal for 1939 contains entries for several different classification of expenses and revenues but the 1939 sales journal, as its name indicates, records only sales. Even though variations such as this exist, the journals are still of interest because they provide company records for the Great Depression, World War II, and the post-war boom. The production records, which also vary somewhat in the type of information they record, cover 1920-1929, 1935-1959, and 1964-1975. The records after 1945 appear to provide more technical information about brickmaking. The Hammond-Baton Rouge time books cover 1924-1925, 1928-1930, 1934-1936, and 1944.

Series:

Subgroup I-Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company

Series I-Journals, 1905-1929. Boxes 1-3.

Series II-Production Records, 1907-1927. Box 4.

Series III-Time Books, 1915-1925. Box 5

Series IV-Miscellaneous Materials, 1921-1924. Box 5.

Subgroup II-Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company

Series I-Journals, 1925-1963. Boxes 6-14.

Series II-Production Records, 1920-1975. Boxes 14-15.

Series III-Time Books, 1924-1944. Box 16. Series IV-Miscellaneous Materials, 1924-1974. Box 16.

Box and Folder List:

Subgroup I -- Riverside Brick and Manufacturing Company

Series I --- Journals

Box 1 January 1905 - May 1914
  February 1905 - February 1908
  February 1908 - November 1909
  January 1913 - January 1917
  January 1915 - January 1917
  September 1916 - July 1918
Box 2 March 1923 - May 1924
  June 1923 - May 1924
Box 3 May 1924 - December 1925
  January 1926 - July 1926
  August 1926 - July 1929
   
Series II --- Production Records
   
Box 4 July 1918 - September 1920 / January 1907- May 1908
  April 1924 - December 1925
  January 1926 - May 1927
   
Series III -- Time Books
   
Box 5 October 1915 - February 1918 March 1920 - August 1921
  February 1923 - March 1924 April 1924 - May 1925
   
Series IV --- Miscellaneous Materials
   
Box 5  
Folder 1 Financial Materials, 1921-1924
Folder 2 Other Miscellaneous Materials, undated
   

Subgroup II -- Hammond-Baton Rouge Brick Company

Series I --- Journals

   
Box 6 January 1925 - July 1927
  August 1930 - July 1934
   
Box 7 July 1934 - July 1937
   
Box 8 January 1939 - September 1939
  January 1939 - December 1939
  October 1940 - October 1941
   
Box 9 September 1940 - February 1942
  March 1941 - August 1941
  October 1941 - June 1945
   
Box 10 September 1941 - May 1942
  June 1942 - August 1943
  September 1943 - April 1945
   
Box 11 July 1945 - August 1947
  July 1946 - May 1947
  December 1947 - December 1948
   
Box 12 January 1949 - June 1950
  June 1950 - September 1951
  August 1951 - December 1952
   
Box 13 October 1951 - October 1952
  September 1953 - July 1954
  July 1957 - December 1958
   
Box 14 January 1962 - December 1962
  November 1962 - May 1963
   
Series II --- Production Records
   
Box 14 August 1920 - July 1923
  August 1923 - April 1926
  April 1926 - November 1927
   
Box 15 November 1927 - March 1929
  November 1935 - May 1947
  November 1947 - April 1950
  January 1949 - July 1954
  April 1950 - August 1952
  September 1952 - March 1959
  December 1964 - June 1971
  June 1971 - February 1975
   
Series III -- Time Books
   
Box 16 January 1924 - April 1925
  March 1928 - July 1930
  February 1928 / June 1934 - December 1936
  August 1944 - November 1944
   
Series IV -- Miscellaneous Materials
   
Box 16  
Folder 1 Correspondence, 1924 - 1976
Folder 2 Receipts, 1927 - 1973
Folder 3 Financial Materials, 1927, 1928, 1946
Folder 4 Other Miscellaneous Materials, 1955 - 1974, undated


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Revised: February 10, 2010