Parenthetical or In-text References
A parenthetical or in-text reference is the term for citing material within the body of your paper. Whenever you summarize, paraphrase or quote another author's material you must include a brief citation to tell the reader what information you have borrowed and from where (usually the author's last name and a page number). The brief in-text citation tells the reader that the complete citation can be found at the end of your paper in the Works Cited list.
An example of a parenthetical reference:
When you write (Bateson 97) after a quote in your paper, the reader knows that you have borrowed the quote from an author named Bateson (on page 97) and that the full citation to Bateson's work can be found in the Works Cited list at the end of your paper.
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